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双语对照:新冠病毒疫情防控相关词汇(四)


来源:中国外文局    作者:天之聪教育   时间:2020-04-10 11:39   点击: 次  

中国外文局牵头组建的国家重大翻译项目审定工作委员会以及配套建立的中国翻译研究院重点翻译任务统筹工作机制,深入学习领会习近平总书记在统筹推进新冠肺炎疫情防控和经济社会发展工作部署会议上的讲话精神,聚焦疫情防控、经济社会发展、宣传发布和国际交流合作四个类别,策划整理、翻译审定了第四批新冠肺炎疫情相关词汇英文表达,供业界及相关人员参考使用。

一、疫情防控

1.控制传染源、切断传播途径

to control the sources of infection and cut off the channels of transmission

2.打破传播链

to break the chains of transmission

3.尽最大可能控制疫情波及范围

to make every possible effort to curb the spread of the disease

4.构筑群防群治的严密防线

to build stringent lines of defense across society

5.防控资源和力量下沉

to channel both material and human resources down to the community level

6.基层防控能力

capacity for prevention and control at the community level

7.医防结合

Emphasis is needed on both prevention and treatment.

8.强化公共卫生法治保障

to strengthen the legal framework of public health

9.统一的应急物资保障体系

unified emergency supply system

10.疫情防控重点地区

key regions in epidemic prevention and control

11.非疫情防控重点地区

non-key regions; regions that are not critical in the epidemic prevention and control effort

12.低、中、高风险地区

low-, medium-, high-risk regions

13.提高收治率和治愈率、降低感染率和病亡率

to improve the admission and cure rates and reduce the infection and fatality rates

14.紧紧扭住城乡社区防控和患者救治两个关键

to focus on stemming the spread at the community level and having all patients cared for

15.内防扩散、外防输出

to prevent the coronavirus from spreading within the city/region or beyond

16.外防输入、内防反弹

to prevent the coronavirus from re-entering the country to cause a new epidemic

17.京津冀地区联防联控

joint prevention and control efforts in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region

18.对抗疫医务人员保护、关心、爱护

to provide full protection and care to medical workers fighting against the epidemic

19.统筹安排轮休

to better schedule rotating shifts

20.医务人员科学防护和培训

scientific prevention and proper training for medical workers

21.重点防控部位人员的物资保障

to make sure that essential supplies can be rapidly directed to personnel in key posts

22.药品和疫苗研发

drug and vaccine development

23.入境航班将分流至指定机场

to redirect inbound flights to designated airports

24.第一入境点

first point of entry

25.境外输入关联病例

cases resulting from virus carriers traveling from abroad; patients infected by virus carriers traveling from abroad

26.入境人员闭环管理

to ensure a seamless and hermetic process for managing the quarantine and monitoring of travelers arriving in China

27.高度重视公共利益

serious concern for the public good

28.保持社交距离

to enforce/practice social distancing

29.解决好生活必需品供应的“最后一公里”问题

to ensure the “last kilometer” delivery of daily necessities

30.无本地新增病例

to report no domestic cases; to report zero local cases; to record no locally transmitted infections

31.疫情防控工作到了关键阶段。

The battle against the epidemic has arrived at a crucial moment.

32.以武汉市为主战场的全国本土疫情传播已基本阻断。

The domestic coronavirus outbreak, centered in the city of Wuhan, has been contained in China/is now effectively under control in China.

33.坚定信心、同舟共济、科学防治、精准施策

to strengthen confidence and solidarity and take science-based and targeted measures

34.把握好防疫管控的度

Moderation is required in epidemic prevention and control.

35.在斗争一线考察识别干部

to put officials to the test on the frontline

36.对紧要关头当“逃兵”的干部要就地免职

to remove from their posts officials who abandon the frontline at critical moments

37.把问题解决在萌芽之时、成灾之前

to eliminate risks at the source and resolving problems when they first appear

38.战胜疫情

to prevail over the epidemic; to beat the epidemic; to win the battle against the epidemic

二、经济社会发展

39.灵活复工

to apply a flexible approach to the resumption of work

40.恢复生产生活秩序

to resume work and normal life

41.统筹疫情防控和经济社会发展

to coordinate epidemic prevention and control with economic and social development

42.中国经济韧性强劲,内需空间广阔,产业基础雄厚

China’s economy enjoys strong resilience, broad space for domestic demand, and a solid industrial foundation.

43.形势积极向好

The situation is witnessing positive changes.

44.适时下调响应级别并实行动态调整

to downgrade their emergency response level in due course and make dynamic adjustments

45.将疫情对经济社会发展的影响降到最低

to minimize the impact of the epidemic on social and economic development

46.多种方式扩大产能和增加产量

to expand capacity and increase output in a variety of ways

47.阶段性、有针对性的减税降费政策

phased and targeted tax and fee breaks

48.财政贴息

government interest subsidies

49.缓缴税款

deferment of taxes

50.使用存量资金

to tap into unallocated funds

51.扩大地方政府专项债券发行规模

to scale up the issuance of special bonds by local governments

52.预算内投资结构

structure of investment from the government budget

53.为防疫重点地区单列信贷规模

to set aside credit for key regions in epidemic prevention and control

54.提供专项信贷额度

to provide special credit lines

55.减免小微企业贷款利息

to cut or cancel interest rates on loans to small and micro businesses

56.就业优先政策

pro-employment policies

57.减负、稳岗、扩就业并举

to take multi-pronged measures, including reducing corporate burdens, keeping the payroll stable, and creating more jobs

58.因地因企因人分类帮扶

to provide assistance specifically designed to suit different regions, enterprises and people

59.“点对点、一站式”直达运输服务

point-to-point transport services

60.多渠道灵活就业

flexible employment through multiple channels

61.线上登记失业和申领失业保险金

online registration of unemployment and application for unemployment security insurance

62.高校学生毕业、招聘、考录

graduation and job placement of college students

63.精准对接劳务输出地和输入地

to accurately connect both ends of labor transfer

64.扶贫龙头企业、扶贫车间

enterprises and workshops that employ local workers and play a major role in poverty alleviation

65.产销对接

to coordinate production and sales

66.解决好贫困地区农畜产品卖难问题

to help farmers in poor areas solve difficulties in selling their produce and livestock

67.建立健全防止返贫机制

to establish a sound mechanism to prevent any return to poverty/prevent any relapse into poverty

68.打通人流、物流堵点

to smooth travel and logistics channels

69.放开货运物流限制

to lift cargo transport bans

70.春季农业生产

spring-season agricultural activities

71.春耕备耕

spring farming and preparation

72.“米袋子”省长责任制和“菜篮子”市长负责制

systems of holding provincial governors accountable for grain supplies and city mayors for daily food supplies

73.农副产品生产、流通、供应

production, distribution, and supply of agricultural products

74.保障全国生活必需品市场总体稳定

to maintain an overall balance in the market for daily necessities

75.保持基本民生服务不断档

to ensure the availability of basic public services

76.用足用好合规的外贸政策工具

to make full and best use of foreign trade policy tools

77.简化通关手续

to simplify procedures for customs clearance

78.推出更多外汇便利化业务

to offer more services to facilitate foreign exchange transactions

79.严厉打击涉疫违法犯罪

to take firm action against epidemic-related crimes

三、宣传发布

80.规范和完善信息发布机制

to standardize and improve the information release mechanism

81.广泛普及疫情防控知识

to disseminate information on epidemic prevention and control

82.推进疫情防控的好经验好做法

to promote best practices in prevention and control from across the country

83.及时回应社会关切

to provide timely responses to public concerns

84.疫情信息发布依法做到公开、透明、及时、准确。

The release of epidemic information must be open, transparent, timely and accurate as prescribed by the law.

85.激发正能量

to evoke positivity

86.在全社会弘扬真善美

to promote high moral standards throughout society

87.提升网上传播能力

to strengthen online communication

88.适应公众获取信息渠道的变化

to meet people’s evolving ways of acquiring information

四、国际交流合作

89.中国—世卫组织联合考察专家组

China-WHO Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

90.以电话、信函、声明等方式表示慰问和支持

to express sympathy and support by telephone, letter or statement

91.向其他出现疫情扩散的国家和地区提供力所能及的援助

to provide assistance within our capacity to other countries and regions affected by the pandemic

92.迎难而上,勇敢应对

to rise up to the challenge and respond to it bravely

93.及时同国际社会分享信息

timely sharing of information with the international community

94.避免使某个国家或特定群体蒙受污名

to avoid stigmatizing a country or particular group

95.呼吁采取紧急的、积极的行动

to call for urgent and aggressive action

96.加强国家间政策协调

to enhance policy coordination between countries

97.(向其他国家)提供抗疫物资

to offer supplies in support of the fight against the pandemic

98.派出医疗小组协助抗疫

to send medical teams to help combat the coronavirus

99.控制疫情永远不会太晚。

It is never too late to get the pandemic under control.

100.有效阻止疫情在全球蔓延

to contain the global spread of the virus

101.采取最全面、最严格、最彻底的防控举措

to take the most comprehensive, rigorous and thorough measures

102.对中国人民生命安全和身体健康负责,也是在为世界公共卫生事业作贡献

to act responsibly in protecting the safety and health of its people, and contribute to safeguarding global public health

103.凝聚起战胜疫情的强大合力

to form strong synergies to beat the pandemic

104.守望相助、同舟共济

to support each other/to stand closely together in difficult times


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