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2019年6月CATTI英语三级笔译实务真题


来源:网络    作者:天之聪教育   时间:2019-06-17 10:32   点击: 次  

全国翻译专业资格(水平)考试 英语三级笔译

Chinese-English Translation

Translate the following passage into English.

Passage 1
 

互联网在中国改革开放中的重要作用怎么说都不为过。从2000年开始,中国互联网应用的普及,到现在快20年的时间,它覆盖了我们改革开放40年几乎一半的时间。尤其是在最后的这15年,互联网为我们保持高速发展,我认为起到了决定性的作用。因为经济发展里头有两个东西是至关重要的:第一就是生产是不是更有效率,是不是更有质量,设计是不是更有创意;第二就是我们的渠道是否畅通,也就是工厂生产的东西能不能以最快的速度、最低的成本到消费者的手里。互联网在这两个环节都为中国的产业发展起到了推波助澜的作用。

比如我们在设计方面的设计理念和设计人才,跟国际先进的国家比是有巨大的差距的,但是互联网的发展实际上极大地缩小了这些差距。通过互联网,我们可以以更快的速度获取全球最先进的设计技术和理念;同时,我们通过互联网也能够更容易地获取更多的资料和数据,更重要的是通过互联网可以产生更多的协同(效应)。这就极大地加快了我们追赶别人的速度,也就变相地加快了我们发展的速度。

在渠道的领域,它的效果更加明显,比如说电商就是一个重要的东西。老百姓通过互联网更容易表达他自己的意愿,更容易对我们现有的一些产品提出一些批评性的意见,而这样一些东西也都更好地推动企业的生产,推动政府职能的现代化。所以,这样一些东西为我们改革开放这40年的发展都营造了一个非常好的环境,都为改革开放的发展提供了一个现代化的动力。所以,我觉得(互联网)是功不可没的。

 

English-Chinese Translation

Translate the following passage into English.

Passage 1
 

Both WHO’s constitution and the declaration assert that health is a human right, not a privilege for those who can afford it. Over time, that right has made its way into both national and international law. But importantly, the right to health is not simply a noble idea on a piece of paper. In the past 70 years, it has been a platform for major improvements in global health. Since 1948, life expectancy has increased by 25 years. Maternal and childhood mortality have plummeted. Smallpox has been eradicated and polio is on the brink. We have turned the tide on the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Deaths from malaria have dropped dramatically. New vaccines have made once-feared diseases easily preventable. And there are many other causes for celebration. But even as we continue to struggle with old threats, new ones have arisen. Climate change will have profound effects on health. Antimicrobial resistance has the potential to undo the gains of modern medicine. Vaccine hesitancy is putting millions of young lives at risk. Noncommunicable diseases, including heart disease, stroke, cancer diabetes, hypertension, lung diseases and mental illnesses have become the major killers of our time. And of course, we continue to face the ever-present threat of outbreaks and other health emergencies.In the past 12 months, WHO has responded to 47 emergencies in 50 countries. As you know, we are currently responding to an outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, very near the border with Uganda. As of today, there have been 373 cases and 216 deaths since the outbreak started in August. So far, we have managed to prevent Ebola from spreading across the border, partly because we have much better tools with which to fight Ebola than at any time in history. More than 32,000 people have been vaccinated, which is one of the reasons the outbreak has not spread further than it has. So far, 150 people have been treated with one of four drugs. 14 million travelers have been screened, there have been more than 190 safe and dignified burials, we have done door-to-door advocacy in almost 4000 households and we have trained more than 500 community leaders. But this outbreak has been much more difficult ton control, largely because of the security situation in eastern DRC. Armed groups operating in the area conduct regular attacks on the city of Beni, the epicentre of the outbreak. And every time there is an attack, the virus gets an advantage. Vaccination and contact tracing are disrupted.

The best long-term investment in protecting and promoting the right to health is to invest in stronger health systems. Because there is simply no other way to achieve universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals than primary health care, with a focus on health promotion and disease prevention. That’s why WHO and 10 other international health agencies have agreed to work together on a Global Action Plan for Healthy Lives and Well-Being. The plan has three strategic approaches: align, accelerate and account. First, we have committed to align many of our processes to increase our collective efficiency. Second, we have committed to accelerate progress by identifying areas of work in which we can truly bend the curve and make more rapid progress towards the health-related SDGs – like research and development, data and sustainable financing. And third, we have committed to keep each other accountable, both to the people we serve, and to the donors and partners who expect results from the resources they give us.

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