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中英双语:杨洁篪在第七届世界和平论坛开幕式上的致辞


来源:外交部    作者:天之聪教育   时间:2018-07-18 10:32   点击: 次  

携手建设持久和平、普遍安全的世界

推动构建人类命运共同体

Working Together to Build a World of

Lasting Peace and Universal Security and

a Community with a Shared Future for Mankind

——杨洁篪在第七届世界和平论坛开幕式上的致辞

Address by H.E. Yang Jiechi

At the Opening Ceremony of the Seventh World Peace Forum

(2018年7月14日,清华大学)

Tsinghua University, 14 July 2018

尊敬的陈旭书记、邱勇校长、吴海龙会长,

Respected Madame Chen Xu, Party Secretary of Tsinghua University, Mr. Qiu Yong, President of Tsinghua University, and Mr. Wu

尊敬的各位来宾,

Hailong, President of the Chinese People's Institute of Foreign Affairs,

女士们,先生们,朋友们:

Distinguished guests,

Ladies and gentlemen,

Friends,

很高兴来到水清木华、钟灵毓秀的清华大学出席第七届世界和平论坛开幕式。感谢清 华大学和中国人民外交学会为成功举办前六届论坛和顺利召开本届论坛所作努力。首先,我对本届论坛的开幕表示热烈祝贺,向来自世界各地的各位嘉宾和朋友们致以诚挚问候。

It gives me great pleasure to join you at the opening ceremony of the Seventh World Peace Forum in this beautiful campus of Tsinghua University. I want to thank Tsinghua University and the Chinese People's Institute of Foreign Affairs for their exceptional organization of this forum, which is now in its seventh year. My warmest congratulations on the opening of this year's forum and best regards to participants from around the world.

“万物得其本者生,百事得其道者成。”世界和平论坛创立7年来,中外各界人士围绕重大国际安全议题深入研讨,共商合作大计,为人类和平与发展事业贡献了宝贵智慧和力量。本届论坛以“构建安全共同体:平等、公平、正义”为主题,符合世界大势和各国共同期待。众多世界知名的政要精英和专家学者会聚一堂,围绕这一主题展开交流探讨,将为促进世界和平与安全寻找新思路、探索新办法、作出新贡献。

As the Chinese saying goes, "with strong roots, plants will grow; with right approach, people will succeed". Since its inception seven years ago, the World Peace Forum has brought together the great minds of the world to examine the root causes of major international security issues and to explore ways to address them through cooperation. This is no small contribution to world peace and development. When I look around this hall, I can see many veteran statesmen and leading scholars. We have before us a highly pertinent topic, that is "Constructing a Security Community: Equality, Equity and Justice". It is therefore most important that we put our heads together, think out of the box, and share new perspectives on achieving world peace and security.

女士们,先生们,朋友们:

Ladies and gentlemen,

Friends,

最近召开的中央外事工作会议确立了习近平外交思想作为新时代中国对外工作的根本遵循和行动指南。中国共产党十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央高瞻远瞩,总揽全局,深刻思考人类前途命运、中国和世界发展大势,积极推进外交理论和实践创新,提出了一系列富有中国特色、体现时代精神、引领人类发展进步潮流的新理念新主张,形成了习近平外交思想。中国外交将在习近平外交思想指引下,为中华民族伟大复兴和人类进步事业作出新的更大贡献。

A few weeks ago, the Central Conference on Work Relating to Foreign Affairs established "Xi Jinping thought on diplomacy" as the fundamental guideline for conducting China's external work in the new era. Since the 18th Party Congress, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has shown great foresight and strong leadership. Taking a hard look at the destiny and future of mankind as well as the development trajectories of China and the world, it has broken new ground in both theory and practice, and put forward a whole set of new, forward-looking ideas and proposals that are embedded in China's reality and reflect the trend of the times. This new thinking and approach has crystallized into Xi Jinping thought on diplomacy, which will guide China to make even greater contribution to both national rejuvenation and progress of all humankind.

当今世界面临百年未有之大变局。世界多极化、经济全球化深入发展,社会信息化、文化多样化持续推进。各国相互联系、相互依存,全球命运与共、休戚相关,和平力量的上升远远超过战争因素的增长,和平、发展、合作、共赢成为不可阻挡的时代潮流。今年是第一次世界大战结束100周年,回望沧桑历史,人类经历两次世界大战和延续40余年的冷战,教训惨痛而深刻。要和平不要战争、要合作不要对抗更加成为国之所向,民之所归。

The world is experiencing significant changes unseen in a century. We live in an increasingly multi-polar and globalized world. The IT revolution and cultural diversity are facts of life. Interconnection and interdependence between countries have become an inescapable reality. In such a world, all countries rise and fall together. With the forces for peace outpacing the factors of war, the call for peace, development and win-win cooperation has become the order of the day. This year marks the centenary of the end of the first World War. Looking back, we have painful and profound lessons to draw from our experience of two world wars and more than four decades of Cold War. Today more than ever, all nations prefer peace to war, and cooperation to confrontation.

另一方面,国际形势中不稳定、不确定、不可测的因素在增多,世界格局正处于一个加快演变的历史性进程之中。冷战思维、强权政治、单边主义、保护主义等阴霾不散,地区动荡、恐怖主义、气候变化、难民潮等风险挑战层出不穷,经济金融和发展鸿沟问题日益突出,世界范围内安全挑战更加复杂严峻。

On the other hand, it is also true that the international situation has become more unstable, uncertain and unpredictable. The world is caught in a historical process of increasingly fast evolution. The Cold War mentality, power politics, unilateralism and protectionism still manifest themselves. Regional turbulence, terrorism, climate change and refugee flows remain unresolved challenges, problems of economic and financial risks and the worsening development gap have become more acute. All of this presents global security challenges that are more complicated than ever before.

在世界处于大发展大变革大调整的新形势下,国际安全问题的内涵和外延都出现新变化:

To sum up, the ever-changing international environment is reshaping the security landscape in profound ways:

一是安全问题的联动性更加突出。安全问题同政治、经济、文化、民族、宗教等问题联系更加紧密,相互传导更加迅速。一个看似简单的安全问题,往往并不能简单对待,各种因素“剪不断,理还乱”,“按下葫芦浮起瓢”,单纯靠一种手段无法从根本上解决问题,否则就可能陷入头痛医头、脚痛医脚的困境。恐怖主义的滋生蔓延就是政治、经济、宗教、文化等多重因素影响的典型例子。

First, security issues have become more interconnected. Security issues have increasingly taken on political, economic, cultural, ethnic and religious dimensions. Problems in one field now have repercussions in other areas more quickly. This new dynamic makes them more complicated than what meets the eye. A simplistic, palliative approach may lead to more problems than it attempts to solve. The spread of terrorism, a product of interwoven political, economic, religious and cultural factors, is a case in point, and must be tackled with a multi-pronged approach.

二是安全问题的跨国性更加突出。世界日益成为“你中有我、我中有你”的地球村,安全问题已经远远超越一国一域。任何一个国家的安全短板都可能导致外部风险大量涌入,形成安全风险洼地;任何一个国家的安全问题积累到一定程度又可能外溢成为区域甚至全球性安全问题。各国可谓安危与共,没有哪个国家能够置身事外而独善其身,也没有哪个国家可以包打天下来实现所谓的绝对安全。

Second, security issues have become more contagious. In a world that is rapidly becoming a "global village", security issues respect no national borders. The vulnerability of any one country may create a security "swamp" attracting multiple risks from outside. The insecurity of one country may build up and spill over to the region and beyond. In this day and age, no one can stay unscathed from external risks or achieve so-called "absolute security" on its own. Hence, we must stick together.

三是安全问题的危害性更加突出。在经济全球化和社会信息化背景下,安全问题的破坏性被催化放大,波及范围从草根到精英,从单领域到多领域,从一地到全球,深刻影响世界的方方面面。延宕7年的叙利亚战争已造成数百万人流离失所和巨额经济损失。网络、深海、极地、外空等新疆域安全问题日益突出,不仅影响当今发展与繁荣,还影响人类子孙后代的福祉。

Third, security issues have become more perilous. With economic globalization and the IT revolution gathering pace, security issues may wreak havoc in unprecedented ways, affecting not only ordinary citizens but also the elite, not only one but multiple domains and locations - indeed, the entire world. Take the seven-year-long Syrian conflict for example. It has driven millions from their homes and inflicted huge economic losses. The quest for security is also moving into new frontiers such as cyberspace, deep sea, the polar regions and outer space. At stake is not only the development and prosperity of this generation, but also that of our children and children's children.

面对风云变幻的国际形势,各方都在苦苦思索维护世界持久和平的良方,提供了各自不同的解决方案。让和平的薪火代代相传、让发展的动力源源不断、让文明的光芒熠熠生辉,是各国人民的共同期待,也是我们这一代人应有的担当。中国主张,各国应该坚持以维护世界和平、促进共同发展为宗旨,携手建设持久和平、普遍安全的世界,推动构建人类命运共同体。为此,我们应该秉持共同、综合、合作、可持续的安全观,在处理国际安全问题时坚持以下原则:

To ensure lasting peace amidst these profound security shifts, many new and different solutions have come up. We owe it to our people to pass on the torch of peace, to create sustained impetus for development and to rekindle the light of civilization. Here is what China proposes. We believe that countries should dedicate themselves to global peace and common development, realize a world of lasting peace and universal security, and build a community with a shared future for all mankind. To this end, we call for a vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security. To be more specific, we suggest the following principles to be followed in handling international security issues:

第一,  以平等互信促安全。平等相待、增进互信是基本前提。国家不分大小、强弱、贫富,都是国际社会平等成员。任何国家都不应该谋求垄断国际和地区安全事务,侵害他国正当权益。要坚持平等相待,相互尊重,照顾彼此利益关切,反对霸权主义和强权政治,反对把自己的意志强加于人。坚持正确义利观,义利相兼、以义为先,不搞我赢你输、我多你少。坚持坦诚沟通,增进战略互信,减少相互猜疑,求同化异、和睦相处。

First, equality and mutual trust. These are the prerequisite of security. As China sees it, all countries, big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, are equal members of the international community. No country has the right to "monopolize" international and regional security affairs or erode the legitimate interests of other countries. The right approach is to treat each other as equals and with respect, be sensitive to each other's interests and concerns, reject hegemony and power politics, and never impose one's will on others. It is important to foster friendship, uphold justice and pursue shared interests, instead of seeking to advance one's own interests at the expense of others. It is also important to enhance strategic trust through sincere dialogue, which will reduce suspicion, expand common ground and increase harmony in the world.

第二,以合作共赢促安全。友好合作、互利共赢是根本途径。世上没有绝对安全的世外桃源。一国的自身安全不能建立在别国的动荡之上,他国面临的威胁也可能成为本国的挑战。要坚定奉行双赢、多赢、共赢理念,以合作谋和平、促安全,努力走出一条合作共赢的安全之路。妥善解决矛盾分歧,反对动辄使用武力或以武力相威胁,反对为一己之私挑起事端、激化矛盾,反对以邻为壑、损人利己。要树立综合安全、共同安全新理念,多管齐下,综合施策,既解决当前问题,又统筹应对潜在风险。各国要进一步加强在反对恐怖主义和极端思潮等非传统安全问题上的协调和合作。

Second, cooperation for mutual benefit. This is the surest path to security. "Absolute security" is an illusion. Just as the security of one country can never be built on the turbulence of others, threats confronting another country may very likely become one's own challenges. Therefore, a win-win outcome must be sought if everyone is to enjoy lasting peace and security. When problems first emerge, we must look for proper solutions rather than threatening the use of force, magnify the problems out of selfish interests, or adopt a beggar-thy-neighbor approach. Guided by a new vision of comprehensive and common security, we must take holistic and integrated steps to both address the immediate problems and contain potential risks. Countries must step up coordination and cooperation on such non-traditional security issues as fighting terrorism and extremist ideologies.

第三,以公平正义促安全。公平合理、公道正义是重要的价值准则。当今世界,公平赤字依然存在,公道正义远未实现。要坚持以公道为念、以正义为基,致力于建设公平公正的美好世界,为世界和平注入更多正能量。坚决摒弃冷战思维、零和博弈的旧观念,和平解决国际争端,共同应对各类安全挑战。积极履行国际责任,坚定维护以联合国为核心的国际体系,推动国际秩序朝着更加公正合理的方向发展。

Third, equity and justice. These are both very important values, yet our world today is still far from being a place of equity and justice. Their deficit should remind us of the need to build a better world and reinforce the foundation of peace. This would require rejecting the outdated Cold-War mentality and zero-sum mindset, settling international disputes by peaceful means and forging a collective response to security challenges. We must honor our international obligations, safeguard the international system centered around the United Nations, and make the international order more just and equitable.

第四,以改革创新促安全。勇于变革、开拓创新是关键手段。当前,全球各类安全问题新情况新挑战层出不穷,现行全球安全治理体系有很多需改善的地方。要坚持与时俱进,不断创新安全理念与合作方式,努力为解决老问题寻找新答案,为解决新问题寻找好答案,不断破解人类面临的安全困境。坚持开拓创新,推动全球安全治理体系朝着更加公平、更加合理、更加有效的方向发展。

Fourth, reform and innovation. These are crucial if we are to meet the plethora of new security challenges. In many ways, the existing architecture of global security governance system requires improvement. We should keep abreast of the changing times, think outside the box and develop new ways of cooperation so as to find new solutions to old problems and good solutions to new problems, with a view to breaking the security dilemma facing the international community. Such an innovative approach will help us make global security governance fairer, more reasonable and effective.

第五,以可持续发展促安全。共同发展、共享繁荣是重要保障。贫瘠的土地上长不成和平的大树,连天的烽火中结不出发展的硕果。当今世界的许多冲突和动荡,究其根源都与发展问题密切相关。唯有发展,才能消除全球性挑战的根源;唯有发展,才能保障人民的基本权利;唯有发展,才能推动人类社会进步。发展权应由各国人民共有共享,实现发展权既是各国的责任,也是国际社会的共同义务。当今世界,发展中国家人口占80%以上,要坚持发展中国家实现自身发展和追求美好生活的权利,不要把发展问题政治化。要落实联合国2030年可持续发展议程,积极改善民生,缩小贫富差距,促进共同繁荣,不断夯实安全的根基。

Fifth, sustainable development. To build lasting security, development and prosperity must be inclusive. A tree cannot grow tall or bear fruit in a barren land torn apart by the flames of war. Many of you would agree that fundamentally speaking, much of the conflict and turbulence we see around the world stems from the lack of development. More people have come to the realization that only with development can we remove the breeding ground of global challenges, secure the basic rights of the people, and propel the progress of the human society. The right to development must be shared by all. Delivering this right is not just the responsibility of national governments, but also the shared obligation of the international community. Now, more than 80 percent of the global population live in developing countries. Their right to more development and a better life must be upheld. Development issues should not be politicized. We must implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, raise living standards, close the wealth gap and promote common prosperity. All these efforts will put our shared security on a stronger footing.

女士们,先生们,朋友们:

Ladies and gentlemen,

Friends,

中国人讲求“知行合一”。中国不仅是世界和平与安全理念的倡导者和提供者,也是积极的践行者和建设者。中国始终是维护世界和平发展的坚定力量。随着中国不断发展,中国已经并将继续尽己所能,为世界和平与发展作出重要贡献。

We in China always believe that one should practice what he advocates. In this spirit, China is not only advocating world peace and security, but also taking concrete actions toward these goals. China has long been a staunch force for global peace and prosperity. With further development, China will be able to do more for global peace and prosperity.

China is a key anchor and engine of global economic growth. China's development has lent a strong momentum to global recovery and growth, contributing nearly 30 percent of world economic growth on average since 2002. Consumer spending and investment opportunities in China has created more jobs worldwide. Last year, China accounted for 10.2 percent of global imports and 12.8 percent of global exports, and was the leading trade partner of over 120 countries and regions. The Chinese government has been able to provide adequate food and clothing for its over 1.3 billion people and lifted over 700 million Chinese out of poverty according to current UN standards, which accounts for over 70 percent of poverty reduction worldwide. This is a very important contribution to the Millennium Development Goals and the Sustainable Development Goals.

China's Belt and Road Initiative creates immense opportunities for its win-win cooperation with the rest of the world. After President Xi Jinping first proposed it in 2013, the initiative has elicited warm responses and wide support from the world. The first Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, hosted by President Xi in May last year, attracted more than 1,600 participants from some 140 countries and over 80 international organizations. Five years on, the initiative is becoming an unfolding reality: more than 100 countries and international organizations are now on board, a great many projects have kicked off, trans-national infrastructure connectivity is taking shape, manufacturing cooperation is gaining momentum, governments are doing more to coordinate development policies, and people in the participating countries are benefiting from the Belt and Road cooperation. Five years on, trade between China and other participating countries has exceeded 5 trillion US dollars in cumulative terms, Chinese investment in these countries has exceeded 70 billion dollars and more than 200,000 local jobs have been created. These are clear proof that all relevant countries have benefited from their participation in the Belt and Road Initiative. The initiative is proving to be an enabler of economic growth for many countries, especially developing ones, and it is bringing a new hope for their people. All this is a vivid demonstration of China's efforts toward building a community with a shared future for mankind.

中国向广大发展中国家特别是欠发达国家提供了大量无私援助。中国通过优惠贷款、技术支持、人员支持、智力支持、建立民生改善项目等形式,帮助发展中国家实现发展致富。积极参加各种国际灾难救援和人道主义援助。中国率先驰援非洲埃博拉疫区及周边国家,关键时刻为非洲国家雪中送炭,帮助他们渡过难关。中国成立了国际发展合作署,有利于进一步优化援外工作,更好地为国际发展事业作贡献。今天,成千上万的中国工程师、企业家和技术人员正奋斗在众多发展中国家广阔的土地上,帮助他们勤劳致富、改变命运。

China has provided a vast amount of assistance to other developing countries, especially the less developed ones. Through concessional loans, through technical, personnel and intellectual support, and through projects directly benefiting local communities, China is helping other developing countries to become better-off through development. As an active participant in international disaster relief and humanitarian operations, China is among the first to rush to the aid of Ebola-affected areas in Africa and their neighboring countries, providing them with much-needed assistance at a most trying time. Recently, China International Development Cooperation Agency was set up for the very purpose of further improving China's foreign aid and enabling it to contribute more to the international development efforts. As we speak, tens of thousands of Chinese engineers, entrepreneurs and technicians are working in various parts of the world, helping other developing countries on their way to prosperity and a better future.

中国积极参与国际和地区热点问题的政治解决。中国在朝核、伊朗核、叙利亚、阿富汗、中东等热点问题解决中发挥建设性作用。近来,朝鲜半岛形势出现缓和,半岛核问题正在朝着政治解决的方向前进。这一局面来之不易,需要各方倍加珍惜。同时,半岛核问题有其复杂性和特殊性,需要各方相向而行,坚持不懈作出努力。中国坚持半岛无核化、坚持半岛和平稳定、坚持对话协商解决半岛核问题,愿同有关各方一道,继续致力于推进半岛无核化和建立半岛和平机制,为早日实现半岛持久和平作出努力和贡献。在伊朗核问题上,中方主张所有各方从长远和大局出发,坚持伊朗核问题政治外交解决方向,妥善管控分歧,共同维护伊核问题全面协议,尽快回到继续执行全面协议的正确轨道上来。在叙利亚问题上,中方主张叙利亚主权独立、领土完整应当得到维护和尊重,叙利亚国家未来应该由叙利亚人民自主决定,政治解决是叙利亚问题的唯一现实出路。在阿富汗问题上,中国积极支持阿富汗和平重建,支持“阿人主导,阿人所有”的包容性政治和解进程。在中东问题上,中方衷心希望中东尽快恢复和平稳定,通过政治途径找到符合地区实际、兼顾各方利益的解决方案,维护当事国的主权和领土完整,坚持联合国主渠道作用,尊重地区国家的正当诉求。

China has taken an active part in seeking political settlement of international and regional hotspots. It has played a constructive role in addressing issues like the Korean nuclear issue, the Iranian nuclear issue, Syria, Afghanistan and the Middle East.

On the Korean nuclear issue, the situation on the Peninsula has eased in recent months, and things are moving in the right direction of a political settlement. The hard-won developments must be cherished by all parties. Given the complex and unique nature of the issue, all parties must move in the same direction and stay the course. China is committed to the denuclearization, peace and stability of the Peninsula and to a negotiated solution through dialogue and consultation. China will continue to work with other parties for denuclearization, for a peace mechanism and for lasting peace on the Peninsula.

On the Iranian nuclear issue, China maintains that all parties should have the bigger, long-term picture in mind, stick to a political and diplomatic settlement, properly manage differences, uphold the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and return as soon as possible to the right track of its full implementation.

On Syria, China holds the view that Syria's sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity should be upheld and respected. It is up to the Syrian people to decide for themselves the future of their nation. Political settlement is the only realistic answer to this issue.

On Afghanistan, China supports its peace and reconstruction efforts, and backs an inclusive political reconciliation process that is Afghan-led and Afghan-owned.

On the Middle East, China wishes the region an early restoration of peace and stability and every success in finding a political solution that accommodates the regional realities and the interests of various parties. The sovereignty and territorial integrity of countries concerned must be preserved, the role of the United Nations as the main channel upheld, and the legitimate aspirations of countries in the region respected.

中国坚定支持和积极参与联合国维和等重大行动。中国是联合国安理会常任理事国中派出维和人员最多的国家,累计派出维和人员3.7万余人次,先后参加24项联合国维和行动。中国积极参与反恐、打击海盗等国际合作,中国军舰连续10年在亚丁湾、索马里海域执行护航任务,先后为6000多艘船舶安全护航。中国深入参与反恐禁毒、网络安全、气候变化等非传统安全领域国际合作。中国成功举办亚信上海峰会和上海合作组织青岛峰会,为地区安全机制建设作出重要贡献。实践证明,中国始终是世界和平的建设者、全球发展的贡献者、国际秩序的维护者。

China has firmly supported and actively participated in UN peacekeeping and other major operations. China is the largest contributor of peacekeepers among the P5, having dispatched more than 37,000 peacekeepers to 24 UN peacekeeping missions. China has also taken an active part in international cooperation against terrorism and piracy. For one thing, Chinese navy ships have conducted escort missions in the Gulf of Aden and off the Somali coast for ten years running, ensuring safe passage for over 6,000 ships. China has been deeply involved in international cooperation in such non-traditional security areas as counter-terrorism, anti-narcotics, cyber security and climate change. China's success in hosting the Shanghai Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia and the Qingdao Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization represents a major contribution from China to the regional security architecture. Facts have proven that China is a force for peace, development and world order.

女士们,先生们,朋友们:

Ladies and gentlemen,

Friends,

为人民谋幸福、为民族谋复兴、为世界谋大同是中国的历史责任和担当。中国特色社会主义进入了新时代,13亿多中国人民正在为实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦而不懈奋斗。中国人民的梦想同各国人民的梦想息息相通。中国将致力于推动建设新型国际关系,推动构建人类命运共同体,为实现人类共同发展繁荣的世界梦作出更大贡献。

hina has taken on a historic responsibility to pursue happiness for its people, rejuvenation for the nation, and for the common good of the world. In this new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the over 1.3 billion Chinese people are working tirelessly for a dream of great national renewal. This Chinese dream is closely linked to the dreams of other people around the world. China is committed to building a new type of international relations and a community with a shared future for mankind, thereby contributing even more to the development and prosperity of mankind, an aspiration shared world over.

中国将始终以维护世界和平为使命,坚持走和平发展道路。和衷共济、和合共生是中华民族的历史基因。坚持走和平发展道路,是中国根据自身国情和根本利益作出的战略抉择,是中国外交必须长期坚持的基本原则。中国从一个积贫积弱的国家发展成为世界第二大经济体,靠的是和平发展而不是扩张掠夺。我们将继续高举和平发展、合作共赢的旗帜,坚定奉行独立自主的外交政策。无论发展到哪一步,中国永不称霸、永不扩张、永不谋求势力范围。中国坚持走和平发展道路,决不放弃自身正当权益。中国走和平发展道路,其他国家也要一起走和平发展道路。中国坚持以国家核心利益为底线维护国家主权、安全、发展利益。中国不惹事也不怕事,任何国家都不要幻想可以随意损害中国利益。

China will stay true to the mission of upholding world peace and to the path of peaceful development. The pursuit of harmonious coexistence is in the DNA of the Chinese nation. Peaceful development is a strategic choice made by China in light of its national conditions and fundamental interests. It is a basic principle that must be followed in China's diplomacy in the long run. It is peaceful development, not predatory expansion, that has enabled China, a country once mired in poverty and backwardness, to grow into the world's second largest economy. For this reason, we will continue to uphold peaceful development and cooperation for win-win results, and stick to an independent foreign policy. No matter how advanced it may become, China will never seek hegemony, nor will it seek expansion or spheres of influence.

Pursuing peaceful development, however, doesn't mean China will ever give up its legitimate rights and interests. China is committed to peaceful development, and we also expect others to do likewise. China will safeguard its sovereignty, security and development interests and uphold its core interests as a red line that cannot be crossed. China will not cause trouble to others. That said, China won't flinch from facing up to trouble that comes its way. No country should have any illusion that it can undermine China's interests at will.

近来,单边主义、保护主义威胁全球经济增长,已经在世界范围内引起广泛担忧,遭到普遍反对。中方一贯反对单边主义,反对贸易投资保护主义,主张理性处理贸易关系中出现的分歧和问题。贸易战不会有赢家,只会给大家造成损失。我们不希望打贸易战,但也不怕打贸易战。在自身合法权益受到不公平对待的情况下,中方理所当然作出必要反击。中方愿与各方一道,共同维护自由贸易和多边贸易体制,坚定维护世界各国的共同利益。

For some time now, unilateralism and protectionism have jeopardized global growth, prompting concerns and opposition around the globe. China has always opposed unilateralism and protectionism in trade and investment. We advocate a sensible approach to any dispute or problem in trade relations. There will be no winner from a trade war, only a lose-lose outcome. China doesn't want a trade war, but China is not afraid of it. When its legitimate rights and interests are treated unfairly, China has every reason to take necessary countermeasures. China will work with all parties to uphold free trade and the multilateral trading regime, which we believe serve the shared interests of all countries in the world.

China, together with other countries, will push forward the Belt and Road cooperation under the commitment to achieving shared benefits through extensive consultation and joint contribution. As an old Chinese saying goes, "When you eat fruits, forget not the tree they grew on; when you drink water, forget not the source it came from." In the case of China, its development would not have been possible without the outside world, so in return, China will contribute more to global development. At the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation that China will host in 2019, China will work with other interested countries to ensure sustained progress in Belt and Road cooperation, and to translate the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits into concrete win-win outcomes. China will integrate the Belt and Road cooperation with its reform and opening-up efforts. Our approach is to drive reform and development through opening-up in all respects. China will never shut its doors. If anything, it will only open wider to the outside world. In the coming 15 years, the China market will further grow and expand, with an estimated import of 24 trillion US dollars worth of goods, and inbound and outbound investment of 2 trillion dollars respectively. The first China International Import Expo, scheduled for November in Shanghai, will serve as a new platform for such cooperation.

China will take an active part in the reform of the global governance system with a commitment to equity and justice. A Chinese adage has it that "a just world should be pursued for the common good". China maintains that global affairs should be run together by countries in the world, and that all people, irrespective of their nationality, social stratum, and walk of life, should be able to benefit from global governance. The global governance reform that China takes part in is not about overturning the current system and starting all over again. Instead, it is about improving the system so that it can better reflect the changing realities, increase the representation and say of developing countries, and bring greater democracy in international relations.

China is a staunch supporter of the basic norms governing international relations underpinned by the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. China supports the multilateral trading regime and a more open, inclusive, balanced economic globalization that delivers benefits to all. China stands firmly against trade and investment protectionism. On frontier areas such as cyberspace, deep sea, polar regions and outer space, countries should work together to develop new institutions and new rules, and build new platforms of win-win cooperation. China will continue to contribute its wisdom and proposals to help settle international and regional hotspots and issues of a global nature.

中国将始终致力于发展全球伙伴关系。志同道合是伙伴,求同存异也是伙伴。中国主张在和平共处五项原则基础上同所有国家发展友好合作,率先把建立伙伴关系确定为国家间交往的指导原则,已同100多个国家和地区组织建立了不同形式的伙伴关系。中国将继续扩大全球伙伴关系网络,使我们的朋友遍天下。

China will stay committed to building partnerships around the world. We Chinese often say, "Those who share the same ideal and follow the same path can be partners; those who seek common ground while setting aside differences can also be partners." China pursues friendship and cooperation with all other countries based on the five principles of peaceful co-existence. We have made the forging of partnerships a golden rule in our relations with other countries, and have established partnerships of various forms with over 100 countries and regional organizations. China will continue to expand this network of global partnerships and make more friends all over the world.

大国有责任也有义务为维护国际和平与安全发挥更大作用。中国将继续推动构建总体稳定、均衡发展的大国关系框架,愿与其他大国加强对话、增进互信、发展合作、管控分歧,维护全球和平与安全,促进世界发展与繁荣。

Major countries have a responsibility and obligation to play a bigger role in upholding world peace and security. China will continue to work for a framework of major-country relations featuring overall stability and balanced development. We will increase dialogue and seek closer cooperation with other major countries to enhance mutual trust and keep differences under control. This will be a significant contribution to peace, security, development and prosperity of the world.

中国始终把周边邻国视作促进共同发展的合作伙伴、维护和平稳定的真诚朋友。我们将继续按照亲诚惠容理念和与邻为善、以邻为伴周边外交方针,发展同周边国家睦邻友好关系,共同打造周边命运共同体。

China sees in its neighbors good partners in pursuing common development and true friends in maintaining regional peace and stability. China will continue to deepen good-neighborly ties in line with the principles of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness and the policy of forging friendship and partnership in its neighborhood with a view to building a community with a shared future in our neighborhood.

发展中国家是中国走和平发展道路的真诚伙伴。中国将继续秉持正确义利观和真实亲诚理念,推动与发展中国家合作提质升级,不断深化团结互信、共同发展、亲近交融的良好关系。

China regards other developing countries as trustworthy partners in its peaceful development. In its relations with other developing countries, China will continue to follow the approach of upholding justice while pursuing shared interests and the principles of sincerity, real results, affinity and good faith. China will work to upgrade cooperation with them and cement our good relations featuring solidarity, mutual trust, common development and affinity.

中国将始终以开放包容为遵循,促进不同文明交流互鉴。“和羹之美,在于合异。”世界有200多个国家和地区,2500多个民族和多种宗教,文明多样性是世界的基本特征,也是人类进步的源泉。文明相处需要和而不同的精神。只有在多样中相互尊重、彼此借鉴、和谐共存,这个世界才能丰富多彩、欣欣向荣。我们要推动不同文明相互尊重、和谐共处,让文明交流互鉴成为增进各国人民友谊的桥梁、推动人类社会进步的动力、维护世界和平的纽带,从不同文明中寻求智慧、汲取营养,为人们提供强大动力,携手解决人类共同面临的各种挑战。

China will promote exchange and mutual learning among different civilizations with an open and inclusive mind. We Chinese people often say, "Delicious soup is made by combining different ingredients." There are more than 200 countries and regions, over 2,500 ethnic groups and multiple religions in our world. Diversity not only defines our world, but also drives progress of mankind. Interactions between different civilizations should be guided by the vision of harmony without uniformity, mutual respect and mutual learning, as that's exactly what makes our world colorful and vibrant. It is important that we promote exchanges and mutual learning between civilizations as a bridge of friendship, a driving force for human progress, and a bond for world peace. The wisdom and nourishment thus drawn from different civilizations can be a source of mighty strength for mankind as we tackle the myriad challenges in the world today.

女士们,先生们,朋友们:

Ladies and gentlemen,

Friends,

青年承载着国家的希望和民族的未来。清华大学秉承“自强不息,厚德载物”的理念,立足中国、面向世界,积极开展国际交流合作,与全球50个国家的280所大学和研究机构签署了合作协议,培养了一大批具有全球视野和创新精神的领军人才。目前,来自128个国家的3500多名国际学生在清华大学学习。清华大学为增进各国青年相互理解和友谊、促进中国与世界友好合作作出了积极贡献。

The youth are the hope and future of a nation. Tsinghua University, staying true to its motto of "self-discipline and social commitment", has dedicated itself to the well-being of Chinese society and to world development through robust international exchanges and cooperation. I was told that Tsinghua, the alma mater of a large number of movers and shakers with a global vision and a pioneering spirit, has cooperation agreements with 280 universities and research institutes in 50 countries, and hosts over 3,500 international students from 128 countries. Let me commend Tsinghua for what it has done to facilitate mutual understanding and friendship among young people from around the world and to promote friendship and cooperation between China and the rest of the world.

“大厦之成,非一木之材也;大海之阔,非一流之归也。”人类社会和平安全的未来无比光明,但前方的道路不会平坦,美好的前景需要各国齐心协力去开拓。中国愿与世界各国携手努力,建设持久和平、普遍安全的世界,推动构建人类命运共同体,为促进人类和平的崇高事业作出新的更大贡献。

We in China often say, "It takes not just one tree to build a mansion and not just one river to make an ocean." While the prospects for a peaceful and secure world are bright, the road ahead will not be a smooth one. It will take the concerted efforts of all countries to make the bright prospects a reality. Let me say that we will work with all other countries, for a world of lasting peace and universal security, for a community with a shared future for mankind, and for greater progress in the lofty cause of world peace.

最后,预祝第七届世界和平论坛圆满成功。谢谢。

To conclude, I wish the Seventh World Peace Forum a full success. Thank you.

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