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双语对照:外交部例行记者会(2018年1月31日)


来源:外交部    作者:天之聪教育   时间:2018-02-01 10:46   点击: 次  

2018年1月31日外交部发言人华春莹

主持例行记者会

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying's

Regular Press Conference on January 31, 2018

问:据报道,昨天,英国方面有人表示,“一带一路”倡议如实施得当,可能为全球经济增长做出贡献,同时该倡议符合国际标准很重要。中方对此有什么回应?

Q: According to reports, yesterday, some people from the British side said that the Belt and Road Initiative, if well implemented, could contribute to global growth, and it is vital that the Belt and Road initiative meets international standards. What is your response?

答:“一带一路”倡议作为国际合作平台,是互利开放的、包容的,同时也是透明的。中方在推进“一带一路”过程中一贯遵循共商共建共享的原则,也一贯遵循市场规律和相关规则,努力推动“一带一路”建设高质量、可持续地发展。大家可以想一想,如果没做到这个要求,“一带一路”建设也不会取得如此大的进展和成功。

A: The Belt and Road Initiative, as a platform for international cooperation, functions in a mutually beneficial, open, inclusive and transparent way. When we advance the Belt and Road Initiative, we follow the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, and comply with the law of the market and relevant rules, because we want the Belt and Road Initiative to produce high-quality and sustainable results. Just think about it. If the Belt and Road Initiative did not deliver on what we have just talked about, then how could this initiative achieve so much progress with flying colors.

大家知道,去年5月,中方在北京成功举办首届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛,140多个国家的高级代表和80多个国际组织的负责人与会,达成了270多项成果,形成了各国共同建设“一带一路”的国际共识。中方提出“一带一路”时间不长,但得到全球范围内100多个国家的响应和支持,成为当今世界规模最大、最受欢迎的国际合作平台。这本身非常能说明问题。

You all remember that last May, China successfully held the first Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing, which was attended by the senior representatives from more than 140 countries and heads of over 80 international organizations. That forum led to more than 270 outcomes as well as the international consensus on jointly advancing the Belt and Road Initiative. It has not been long since China put forward the Belt and Road Initiative, but this initiative has already been echoed and endorsed by more than 100 countries worldwide. Now it has become the largest and most welcomed platform for international cooperation in the world. These facts and numbers do mean something.

所以说,“一带一路”倡议是顺应时代潮流的,是适应发展规律的,符合各国人民利益,具有广阔和光明的发展前景。我们将继续与各方一道深入推进“一带一路”建设,为世界各国的发展以及全球经济的增长创造更多的机遇,作出更大贡献。

It is fair to say that the Belt and Road Initiative corresponds with the trend of the times, conforms to the law of development, and serves the interests of all, and its future boasts vast potential and bright prospects. Going forward, we will continue with our efforts to further advance the Belt and Road Initiative along with other parties so as to create more opportunities for and make greater contributions to the development of all countries and the global economic growth.

问:据报道,美国财政部1月30日公布了“克里姆林宫报告”,该报告名单中几乎包括所有俄罗斯领导人和知名企业家,一共有200多人。报告中表明,美可能会对与俄罗斯合作国家实施经济制裁。考虑到中俄有密切的军事合作,这个报告会不会影响俄中有关合作?

Q: The US Treasury on January 30 published a "Kremlin report" which includes a listing of almost all Russian leaders and famous businessmen, to a total number of more than 200 people. The report makes it clear that the US might impose economic sanctions on those countries cooperating with Russia. In light of the close military cooperation between China and Russia, how will this report affect relevant Russia-China cooperation?

答:中方一贯反对在国际关系中动辄使用单边制裁或以单边制裁相威胁。我们注意到美国财政部出台的所谓报告称,有关列名不意味着实施制裁或限制其同美及其他国家公民交往。

A: China consistently opposes the willful use or threat of use of unilateral sanctions in international relations. We also note that the so-called report issued by the US Treasury says that it is not a sanctions list and it does not mean restriction of dealings with listed persons by either US or other persons.

我想强调,俄美都是世界上具有重要影响的大国和联合国安理会常任理事国,对世界和平与安全负有重要责任。我们希望俄美双方在平等和相互尊重基础上,通过友好协商妥善解决分歧。

I want to stress that both Russia and the US are major countries and UN Security Council permanent members, commanding great influence and shouldering important responsibility for world peace and security. We hope that on the basis of equality and mutual respect, the two sides could properly resolve their differences through friendly consultations.

中俄关系成熟稳定,不受外部环境变化影响。相信在双方共同努力下,中俄关系将继续保持高水平发展,双方在各个领域的务实合作,包括在军事领域的合作也将继续正常发展。我们愿与俄方共同努力,促进两国各自发展振兴,更好维护地区与世界和平稳定。

China-Russia relations are mature and steady, immune to the volatile external landscape. We believe that with concerted efforts, China-Russia relations will maintain growth at a high standard, and bilateral practical cooperation in various fields, including the military field, will proceed as usual. We would like to work with Russia to realize the development and rejuvenation of our respective countries and contribute to regional and global peace and stability.

问:美国总统特朗普在刚刚发表的国情咨文演说中称,中国和俄罗斯等竞争对手挑战美国的利益、经济和价值观。中方对此有何评论?

Q: In US President Trump's State of the Union address delivered a few hours ago, he said that rivals like China and Russia are challenging our interests, economy, and values. What is your comment?

答:中美拥有广泛而重要的共同利益,同时也存在一些分歧,但两国的共同利益远大于分歧。历史和现实都表明,合作是中美双方唯一正确的选择,共赢才能通向更好的未来。希望美方摒弃冷战思维和零和博弈的过时观念,正确看待中国和中美关系,同中方相向而行,相互尊重,聚焦合作,管控分歧,维护中美关系健康稳定发展。

A: China and the United States share a wide range of common interests, and they are important ones. We do have our differences, but our common interests far outweigh our differences. The past and present has shown that cooperation is the only right choice for China and the US and a better future can only be realized by promoting win-win relations. We hope that the US can cast away such outdated notions as the Cold-War mentality and zero-sum game and view China and China-US relations in a correct way. It is important for the two sides to work on the basis of mutual respect, focus on cooperation and manage differences so as to ensure the sound and steady development of China-US relations.

追问:特朗普总统在这次国情咨文中提到朝鲜威胁以及制裁古巴等专制国家,并说美国必须重建核武库,希望永不使用,但要让核武库足够强大,以吓阻任何侵略行为。对于上述,中方有何回应?

Follow-up: In his address, President Trump talked about the threat posed by the DPRK and imposing sanctions on the dictatorships in Cuba and other countries. He also said that the US must rebuild its nuclear arsenal, hopefully never having to use it, but making it so strong and powerful that it will deter any acts of aggression. What is your response to all that?

答:中方在你提到的有关问题上的立场是一贯和明确的。关于朝鲜半岛问题,我们注意到,目前朝鲜半岛的形势出现难得的缓和势头,这是各方共同努力的结果,值得各方倍加珍惜。我们希望有关各方都能保持克制,多说有利于延续局势缓和的话,多做有利于延续局势缓和的事。

A: China's position on the relevant issues mentioned by you is consistent and clear-cut. As regards the Korean Peninsula issue, we have noted that now the situation on the Korean Peninsula has shown some signs of abatement, which is a hard-won result thanks to the concerted efforts of all relevant parties and shall be cherished even more. We hope that all relevant parties can exercise restraint and whatever they say or do shall contribute to continuously easing the situation on the Peninsula.

关于制裁问题,我刚才说了,中方一贯反对任何国家依据自己的国内法对其他国家实施单边制裁,希望各方通过平等和相互尊重基础上的对话妥善解决有关问题。

Regarding the issue of sanctions, I have just said that China always opposes the imposition of unilateral sanctions by any country on others in accordance with its own domestic laws. We hope that relevant issues could be properly resolved through equal-footed dialogue on the basis of mutual respect.

你还提到美国要重建核武库的问题,我们主张并积极倡导全面禁止和彻底销毁核武器。拥有最大核武库的国家对于核裁军负有特殊和优先责任,应该为最终实现全面彻底核裁军创造条件。

You also mentioned the issue about the US aspiring to rebuild its nuclear arsenal. We believe in and advocate complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons. The country with the largest nuclear arsenal has a special responsibility when it comes to nuclear disarmament and shall lead by example in that regard and create conditions for the realization of complete and thorough nuclear disarmament.

问:据《澳大利亚人报》报道,一个主要由澳政府出资的瓦努阿图基建项目已经成为该国“最具灾难性的”援助项目之一,工期大大延长,预算严重超支,工程质量很差。你对此有何评论?

Q: The Australian reported that one of the most disastrously-implemented aid projects in Vanuatu is being delivered by the Australian government, with the project far behind schedule, over-budget spending and poor quality. What is your comment?

答:我注意到你提到的报道。

A: I have noted the report you mentioned.

哪些国家的援助富有成效,受援国的人民和政府最有发言权,国际社会也都看在眼里。我想强调的是,无论其他国家的援助项目情况怎么样,中国都会一如既往,在充分尊重太平洋岛国政府和人民意愿、充分考虑太平洋岛国发展需要的基础上,向这些岛国提供力所能及、不附带任何政治条件的援助,为促进这些国家的经济社会发展提供真诚的帮助。

The people and government of the recipient country is in the best position to say which countries provide the most effective assistance. The international community has an eye for it. I want to stress that regardless of how other countries' assistance programs may unfold, we will always offer assistance to the Pacific Islands countries to the best of our capacity and with no political strings attached and sincerely help them realize economic and social development, on the basis of fully respecting the will of the governments and peoples of the Pacific Islands countries and taking into full consideration their development needs.

问:据报道,日本企业无印良品重庆分店赠阅的《2017年秋冬家具目录册》中插附的地图存在问题,中国国家测绘地理信息局已对此作出处理。日方今天上午对此表示抗议。中方对此有何评论?

Q: It is reported that the catalogs distributed at a Japanese-brand Muji store in China's Chongqing Municipality contain faulty maps. The National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation of China already addressed this matter. The Japanese side made protests this morning. Do you have a comment?

答:我不知道你提到的抗议是什么,我还没有看到这个消息。但是我注意到中国国家测绘地理信息局已经发布了相关通报,责令有关企业封存并销毁“问题地图”,采取措施杜绝此类事件发生。

A: I have no idea what the protests are, since I haven't seen relevant information. I did note that the National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation of China already issued a notice, ordering the company involved to seal and scrap the faulty maps and take appropriate measures to prevent similar practices.

我想强调的是,中方欢迎外国企业来华投资兴业,但是在中国的任何外国公司都应当尊重中国的主权和领土完整,遵守中国的法律。

I want to stress that China welcomes foreign businesses' investment and operation in China, but all of them shall respect China's sovereignty and territorial integrity and abide by China's laws.

问:英国首相梅从今日开始访华,并将与李克强总理会谈。中方对此次会谈成果有何期待?梅首相与习近平主席的会见将安排在什么时候?

Q: British Prime Minister Theresa May kicks off her visit to China today and she will hold talks with Premier Li Keqiang. What are China's expectations for the talks? When will President Xi Jinping meet with Prime Minister Theresa May?

答:我此前已经介绍过梅首相访华的有关日程安排和中方期待。

A: I have already talked about the relevant arrangements and China's expectations for the visit.

关于梅首相的访问日程,你说得很对,今天下午,李克强总理将为英国首相梅举行欢迎仪式,与她举行会谈并共见记者。会谈后,还将共同会见中英企业家委员会代表。梅首相在华访问期间,习近平主席将会见梅首相,张德江委员长也将会见。

With regard to Prime Minister Theresa May's schedule, you are correct in saying that she will hold talks with Premier Li Keqiang. In fact, this afternoon, Premier Li Keqiang will hold a welcoming ceremony for Prime Minister Theresa May and then hold talks with her, followed by a joint meeting with the press. After that, they will together meet the representatives of the China-UK Entrepreneurs Committee. During Prime Minister Theresa May's stay in China, President Xi Jinping will meet with her, and so will Chairman Zhang Dejiang of the NPC Standing Committee.

关于中方对此访的期待,我们此前也说过,中方高度重视发展中英关系,也高度重视梅首相此次访问。英国致力于继续打造中英关系“黄金时代”,我们希望通过梅首相此次访问,通过深入交流,进一步增进彼此互信,拓展各领域务实合作,加强在重大国际和地区问题上的沟通和协调,推动中英关系“黄金时代”在新时期不断持续向前发展。

As for China's expectations for this visit, we have said before that the Chinese side attaches great importance to China-UK relations as well as to Prime Minister Theresa May's visit this time. As the UK is committed to advancing the "Golden Era" for China-UK relations, we hope that through Prime Minister Theresa May's visit and an in-depth exchange of views, China and the UK could further enhance mutual trust, expand pragmatic cooperation in various areas, strengthen communication and coordination on major international and regional issues and promote the steady development of the "Golden Era" for China-UK relations in the new era.

问:据报道,印度前任驻华大使顾凯杰日前正式接替苏杰生,成为印度新一任外交秘书。媒体评论称,顾凯杰是中国问题专家,有助于让中印关系超越分歧、强化合作。中方对他接任印外交秘书有何评论?

Q: India's former ambassador to China Vijay Keshav Gokhale took charge as India's Foreign Secretary, succeeding S. Jaishankar. Reports say that Mr. Gokhale, as a Chinese expert, will help China-India relations overcome disputes and strengthen cooperation. What is your comment on his appointment?

答:我们注意到有关报道,对顾凯杰先生正式就任印度外交秘书表示祝贺。多年来,中印两国外交部门按照两国领导人共识,积极推动双边关系发展,我们希望这一良好合作关系得到继续保持和加强。

A: We have noted relevant reports. We congratulate Mr. Gokhale on officially assuming the office as Foreign Secretary of India. Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the two sides have been making active efforts to advance bilateral ties in accordance with the consensus reached between the two leaders. We hope that such sound and cooperative relations could be sustained and reinforced.

中方愿同印方一道,以双方共同倡导的和平共处五项原则为指引,不断增进政治互信,推进互利合作,妥善管控分歧,推动中印关系沿着正确轨道不断向前发展。

Following the guidance of the five principles of peaceful co-existence which are jointly championed by the two sides, China stands ready to work with India to enhance political mutual trust, promote mutually beneficial cooperation, properly manage differences, and move forward China-India relations along the right track.

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