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2017年5月翻译资格考试CATTI英语二级笔译实务真题


来源:网络    作者:天之聪教育   时间:2017-05-27 16:21   点击: 次  

01
英译中第一篇
本文来自联合国官网《变革我们的世界:2030年可持续发展目标》,译文同样来自联合国官网。

This Agenda is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. It also seeks to strengthen universal peace in larger freedom. We recognize that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development.

本议程是为人类、地球与繁荣制订的行动计划。它还旨在加强世界和平与自由。我们认识到,消除一切形式和表现的贫困,包括消除极端贫困,是世界最大的挑战,也是实现可持续发展必不可少的要求。

We are resolved to free the human race from the alleviation of poverty and heal and protect our planet. We are determined to take the bold and transformative steps which are urgently needed to shift the world onto a sustainable and resilient path.

我们决心让人类摆脱贫困和匮乏,让地球治愈创伤并得到保护。我们决心大胆采取迫切需要的变革步骤,让世界走上可持续且具有恢复力的道路。

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets which we are announcing today demonstrate the scale and ambition of this new universal Agenda. They seek to build on the Millennium Development Goals and complete what these did not achieve. They seek to realize the human rights of all and to achieve gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls. They are integrated and indivisible and balance the three dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, social and environmental.

我们今天宣布的17个可持续发展目标和169个具体目标展现了这个新全球议程的规模和雄心。这些目标寻求巩固发展千年发展目标,完成千年发展目标尚未完成的事业。它们要让所有人享有人权,实现性别平等,增强所有妇女和女童的权能。它们是整体的,不可分割的,并兼顾了可持续发展的三个方面:经济、社会和环境。这些目标和具体目标将促使人们在今后15年内,在那些对人类和地球至关重要的领域中采取行动。

We are meeting at a time of immense challenges to sustainable development. Billions of our citizens continue to live in poverty and are denied a life of dignity.

我们的会议是在可持续发展面临巨大挑战之际召开的。我们有几十亿公民仍然处于贫困之中,生活缺少尊严。

There are rising inequalities within and among countries. Gender inequality remains a key challenge. Unemployment, particularly youth unemployment, is a major concern. Global health threats, more frequent and intense natural disasters, spiraling conflict, violent extremism, terrorism and related humanitarian crises and forced displacement of people threaten to reverse much of the development progress made in recent decades.

国家内和国家间的不平等在增加。性别不平等仍然是一个重大挑战。失业特别是青年失业,是一个令人担忧的重要问题。全球性疾病威胁、越来越频繁和严重的自然灾害、不断升级的冲突、暴力极端主义、恐怖主义和有关的人道主义危机以及被迫流离失所,有可能使最近数十年取得的大部分发展进展功亏一篑。

Natural resource depletion and adverse impacts of environmental degradation, including desertification, drought, land degradation, freshwater scarcity and loss of biodiversity, add to and exacerbate the list of challenges which humanity faces. Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time and its adverse impacts undermine the ability of all countries to achieve sustainable development.

自然资源的枯竭和环境退化产生的不利影响,包括荒漠化、干旱、土地退化、淡水资源缺乏和生物多样性丧失,使人类面临的各种挑战不断增加和日益严重。气候变化是当今时代的最大挑战之一,它产生的不利影响削弱了各国实现可持续发展的能力。许多社会和各种维系地球的生物系统的生存受到威胁。

The Millennium Development Goals were agreed 15 years ago provided an important framework for development and significant progress has been made in a number of areas. But the progress has been uneven, particularly in Africa, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries, and small island developing States, and some of the Millennium Development Goals remain off-track, in particular those related to maternal, newborn and child health and to reproductive health.

千年发展目标是在近十五年前商定的。这些目标为发展确立了一个重要框架,已经在一些重要领域中取得了重大进展。但是各国的进展参差不齐,非洲、最不发达国家、内陆发展中国家和小岛屿发展中国家尤其如此,一些千年发展目标仍未实现,特别是那些涉及孕产妇、新生儿和儿童健康的目标和涉及生殖健康的目标。

We recommit ourselves to the full realization of all the Millennium Development Goals, including the off-track Millennium Development Goals, in particular by providing focused and scaled-up assistance to least developed countries and other countries in special situations, in line with relevant support programs. The new Agenda builds on the Millennium Development Goals and seeks to complete what these did not achieve, particularly in reaching the most vulnerable countries.

我们承诺全面实现所有千年发展目标,包括尚未实现的目标,特别是根据相关支助方案,重点为最不发达国家和其他特殊处境国家提供更多援助。新议程巩固发展了千年发展目标,力求完成没有完成的目标,特别是帮助最弱势群体。

02

英译中第二篇

本文来自《经济学人》文章Profiting From Friendship。暂未有官方译文。

Entrepreneurs in Silicon Valley, only half-jokingly, call it the URL strategy. The three letters usually stand for Uniform Resource Locator—the unique address of any file that is accessible via the internet. But in the world of internet start-ups, URL has another meaning: Ubiquity first, Revenue Later.

This pretty much describes the strategy of most big online social networks, which over the past few years have concentrated on piling on users rather than worrying about profits. That has allowed them to build huge followings, but it has also raised a big question-mark over their ability to make money from the audiences they have put together.

And the issue is whether the social-networking industry can come up with a wildly successful form of advertising in the same way that Google has been able to make billions of dollars from the targeted ads that run alongside the search results it serves up.

Without such a formula, runs the argument, social networks such as Facebook will never amount to much. Doubters claim that the networks face two big handicaps. The first is that people logged into social-networking sites are there to hang out with their friends, so they will pay no attention to ads. The second is that because the sites let users generate their own content, they will find it hard to attract advertisers because brands will not want to take the risk of appearing alongside examples of profanity, obscenity or nudity—or all three at once.

The broader outlook for networking sites is more encouraging. One reason is that advertisers are being drawn to the leading sites by their sheer scale. Facebook's audience is bigger than any TV network that has ever existed on the face of the earth. Another thing that has attracted companies is the networks' ability to target ads with laser-like precision, thanks to the data they hold on their users' ages, gender, interests and so forth. Although there are still lingering concerns about brands appearing next to racy content, firms seem more willing to run this risk now that the networks' advertising proposition has become more compelling.

In addition to advertising-driven business model, networks are already making healthy profits from sales of games and virtual goods. The beauty of this business for social networks is that the cost of producing and storing virtual inventory is minimal. Moreover, because these are closed markets, networks can fix prices at levels that generate fat margins. To some, the notion that big money can be made from selling make-believe items may seem bizarre. But the practice replicates the physical presents that people give to one another to cement relationships in the real world.

03

中译英第一篇

注:本文是中国五矿集团官网上的公司简介,译文来自五矿集团英文版官网。

本公司是全球最大最强的冶金建设运营服务商,拥有24万在职员工,资产规模超7000亿元,境外机构、资源项目与承建工程遍布全球60多个国家和地区。

China Minmetals Corporation (CMC) is China’s largest and highly international metals and minerals corporate group, and also the largest and strongest in metallurgical construction and operation services globally. CMC controls total assets of RMB 1.6 trillion Yuan. CMC’s foreign institutions, resource projects and construction projects are operating in more than 60 countries and regions.

本公司有着独特的全产业链竞争优势,公司在全球金属矿业领域率先打通了从资源获取、勘查、设计、施工、运营到流通、深加工的全产业链,形成了为金属矿产企业提供系统性解决方案,和工程建设运营一体化全生命周期的服务能力。

Enjoying unique competitive advantage, CMC takes the lead in running a whole industrial chain ranging from resources acquisition, exploration, project design, construction, operation, and circulation to intensive processing, and is able to provide systematic solutions to metals and minerals companies and render services for the whole lifecycle of project construction and operation.

公司金属矿产资源储量丰富,在国内外拥有一批世界级优质矿山。在冶金工业建设领域,公司积累了贯穿各环节的核心技术优势和设计施工能力,承担了中国大中型钢铁企业超过90%的设计施工任务和全球60%冶金建设任务,是冶金建设的“国家队”。公司拥有遍布全球的贸易流通网络,全球采购、全球营销,金属矿产品流通规模稳居国内第一。

With abundant resources and reserves in metals and minerals, CMC owns a series of world-class mines with high quality at home and abroad, belonging to the first-tier companies in the world. With core technology advantage as well as design and construction strength covering all sectors, the Corporation shoulders more than 90% of the design and construction work in China’s large-and-medium sized steel mills and 60% of metallurgical construction projects around the world, regarded as the “national team” in the metallurgical construction industry. Boasting fully-fledged trade and circulation network globally, the Corporation conducts procurement and marketing internationally and takes the first place in circulation scale of metals and minerals.

04

中译英第二篇

本文是李克强总理出席2016夏季达沃斯开幕式的致辞,译文来自外交部官网。

我们应该积极促进结构性改革,特别是供给侧改革。中国经济发展面临结构性的矛盾,供给和需求两侧都有,主要在供给侧,我们要用改革的办法推进结构调整,减少无效和低端的供给,扩大有效和中高端的供给,这既有利于经济转型,也有利于促进经济增长。

We need to advance structural reform, in particular that on the supply side. The structural problems facing the Chinese economy are about both the supply and demand sides, especially the supply side. We need to advance structural adjustment through reform, reduce inefficient and low-end supply, and expand effective and medium- to high-end supply. This is conducive to economic transformation as well as growth.

其中重要的方面就是要淘汰严重过剩的产能,重点是抓好钢铁、煤炭等困难行业去产能,近年来已经取得些许成就,生煤和生铁产量下降,但还要进一步减少,主要是运用市场化和法治化手段,严格环保、质量、安全等标准。

A major task for us is to phase out outdated production capacity and address overcapacity, especially in steel, coal and other sectors that face difficulty in operation. Initial progress has been made in recent years, as is shown in the lowering production of raw coal and crude steel, but our efforts must well continue.We will adopt a market-based and rules-based approach and apply strict standards in environmental protection, quality and safety.

去产能最大的难题是人往哪里去,企业要采取多种措施使职工转岗不下岗,中央和地方政府都要对职工分流安置给予必要的支持。产能过剩是一个全球性的问题,我们将主动采取行动去产能,这本身就表明中国是负责任的大国。

The biggest challenge is how to address possible layoffs in this process. Businesses need to take multiple measures to ensure that their employees will get reemployed. Both the central and local governments should provide necessary support to take care of the affected employees. Overcapacity is a global challenge. The fact that we have taken the initiative to cut overcapacity demonstrates that China is indeed a responsible country.

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    01 英译中第一篇 本文来自联合国官网《变革我们的世界:2030年可持续发展目标》,译文同样来自联合国官网。 This Agenda is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. It also seeks to strengthen universal peace in larger freedom. We recognize that eradi~~

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