扫码触屏 精彩随性


首页 口译 笔译 MTI 面授 网上商城 天之聪翻译
您当前位置: > 口译 > 视译材料 >


来源:未知    作者:天之聪教育   时间:2012-08-17 14:15   点击: 次  

American energy policy is still running on empty

In April 1977, as a young energy correspondent for The New York Times, I watched Jimmy Carter label the energy problem the “moral equivalent of war” and propose an ambitious plan to curb the use of expensive ($15 per barrel!) oil. Today, five presidents later, oil sits firmly above $100 per barrel, and America still lacks anything resembling a comprehensive energy strategy.

As a result, with petrol prices rising dangerously near all-time highs, energy has again become a national focus and a central issue in the 2012 presidential campaign. The political attacks of Republicans and Democrats are replete with ironies: Republicans charge President Barack Obama with failing to prevent the rise in oil prices. He responds, correctly, that short-term price movements reflect global forces and are not easily controlled.

But four years ago, when petrol prices reached a record $4.11 per gallon, he attacked Republicans for precisely the same failure and Republicans returned fire exactly as he is responding today.

Missing from this argument is a basic understanding of what America (or any country) can do about the cost of petroleum-based energy, even over a number of years: nothing. Oil is a worldwide commodity, with roughly 87m barrels a day produced and consumed around the globe. Of this, the US accounts for less than 25 per cent, roughly 19m b/d. Equally significantly, as a result of higher production, more conservation and a sluggish economy, that is down from about 21m b/d in 2005. In that same period, global usage increased.

The US could have drilled more (as Republicans want), increased development of alternative sources such as solar (as Democrats stress) and conserved more (as everyone says they want) without discernibly changing pump prices.

Similarly, the current debate in the US over the Keystone XL pipeline, which would shuttle crude from Canada’s tar sands into the US heartland, misses the point.

While approving a more environmentally sensitive version of the pipeline would bring welcome investment and jobs, Keystone would neither lower oil prices nor improve energy security, as some backers suggest. That oil will be produced and find its way on to world markets with or without Keystone.
Nonetheless, with growing demand, limited production capacity and tensions with Iran pushing up global prices, all oil-importing countries should implement sensible measures to curb the need for petroleum products. Every barrel of imported oil represents a financial transfer to oil-exporting countries, draining wealth from the consuming nations.

The most important point for Americans is any mention of – let alone support for – the most powerful and effective way of achieving the twin goals of greater efficiency and less consumption of oil: tax. For decades, European countries have employed stiff excise taxes to hold down their use of petrol. Britain, for example, imposes tax of about $4 per gallon, nearly 10 times US levels. America, whose petrol use comprises about half of its crude oil consumption, could do the same, while rebating the additional tax collections to consumers.

But in the US, the barest mention of increasing these taxes has been a form of political suicide. (In 2008, two presidential hopefuls – notably, not including Mr Obama – even suggested suspending the existing tax to hold down soaring prices.)

Instead, since the mid-1970s the US has relied on regulation (corporate average fuel economy standards) to raise the energy efficiency of cars.

While those standards, with higher prices, have successfully raised the fuel efficiency of the average American car from 13 miles per gallon in the early 1970s to 27 today, they have done nothing to curb the American propensity to drive, drive, drive. Each year, Americans travel an average of 12,000 miles in their cars, compared with about 8,500 for the British. Using regulation instead of market forces has brought all the usual difficulties of enforcement, while layering the extra costs of compliance on to carmakers (which, of course, can’t vote.) Beyond the desirability of using market forces to achieve energy goals, the answer to the endless questions of production versus conservation and conventional versus alternatives is simple: we need all of them, including nuclear.

In retrospect, the Carter energy policy – quickly derided by the press – appears hopelessly naive, with its talk about cutting consumption, use of solar and building electric cars. The question for America is whether it will be ready, at long last, to get on with the job after the election-year follies have been concluded.



    最新优惠 350元《韩刚口译入门学习法》DVD| 350元《韩刚口译实战训练法》DVD |498元李长栓周蕴仪《汉英笔译实战课程》| 498元《李慧CATTI二级口译课程》|598元《夏倩英语口译同传课程》 |398元《俄语口译实战课程》 |



    针对口译、笔译学习的精品资料推送, 您可以随时随地通过手机学习!



    课程 课时 优惠价 试听 购买
    CATTI英语笔译通关课程--和马茜老师学笔译 11 ¥198 试听
    【备考2019年6月CATTI二级笔译】真题解析+模拟演练 8 ¥128 试听
    【备考2019年6月CATTI三级笔译】真题解析+模拟演练 8 ¥128 试听
    【备考2019年6月CATTI二级口译】真题解析+模拟演练 8 ¥128 试听
    【备考2019年6月CATTI三级口译】真题解析+模拟演练 8 ¥128 试听
    CATTI笔译全科通关VIP课程【186课时】【韩刚主讲】 186 ¥798 试听
    马茜口译笔记速记【外交部译员T型笔记体系】 49 ¥398 试听
    备考2019年6月CATTI三级口译全科通关VIP课程【韩刚、底静、马茜、 187 ¥698 试听

    巩固基本技能,强调学习方法,凝练精妙表达,提升全盘备战 ...



    (音频)视译训练是口译学习重要的组成部分;特别是同传,现在很多的同传会议不会提前先给材料,都是在会前给译员材料,这就要求译员有很强的视译能力! Managers for a nuclear future It is too early to sa~~
    韩刚老师解读CECE逆向翻译学习法,现在网上双语的材料繁多,很多学员不知道选择什么样的双语素材,怎么学习?今天,韩刚老师选了一段China Daily的材料,结合CECE学习法,教学员怎么利用双语材料进行~~
    3月6日,刘晓明大使在英国《名流》杂志发表署名文章《解析五热词:中国发展前景光明》,全文如下: On 6 March, H.E. Ambassador Liu Xiaoming wrote an article in the FIRST Magazine entitled Why the Pessimists Are Wrong on China. The full text is as follows: 关于中~~
    白宫:第一夫人米歇尔欧巴马(Michelle Obama)预定2014年3月19-26日前往中国 THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the First Lady March 3, 2014 White House: First Lady Michelle Obama to Travel to China March 19-26, 2014 第一夫人预定2014年3月19-26日前往中国,3月20-23日访问北京~~


    表达一些您的想法吧! 已有条评论>>



    关于天之聪 | 网站动态 | 讲师招聘 | 商务合作 | 联系我们 | 下载专区
    ©2007-2019 中视天之聪教育科技(北京)有限公司 All rights reserved. 版权所有 京ICP备12005225号 京公网安备11010802011421