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美联储内部强力支持缩减量化宽松


来源:FT    作者:天之聪教育   时间:2014-02-21 08:38   点击: 次  

美联储内部强力支持缩减量化宽松

Tapering support inside Fed was strong
 

The US Federal Reserve had few doubts about slowing its asset purchases in January, in a clear sign that it will continue tapering unless there is a big shift in the economic outlook.

美联储(Fed)在1月会议上对放缓资产购买几乎没有任何疑虑,这是一个明确的迹象,表明美联储将继续缩减资产购买规模——除非美国经济前景出现重大转变。

Minutes of its January meeting show that only a couple of officials had concerns about slowing asset purchases, suggesting that the Fed is likely to taper its asset purchases by another $10bn to $55bn in March despite a run of weaker data on the economy.

美联储1月会议纪要显示,只有两位官员对放缓资产购买表示担忧,这似乎表明,尽管近来美国经济的一系列数据较为疲弱,但美联储可能会在3月再次将资产购买规模缩减100亿美元,至550亿美元。

The Fed began tapering its asset purchases, which are designed to push down long-term interest rates, from $85bn a month in December. Since then, there has been some disappointing economic data, although much of it seems to have been prompted by the cold weather.

美联储从去年12月开始缩减每月850亿美元的资产购买规模——资产购买意在压低长期利率。自那以来,美国发布了一些令人失望的经济数据,尽管有很多似乎是寒冷天气所致。

“My bottom line is that the economy is in a better place today than a year ago and before,” said Dennis Lockhart, president of the Atlanta Fed, in a speech yesterday. “I maintain that the outlook is positive and, in terms of its basics, much improved.”

“我得出的结论是目前经济状况好于一年前以及更早以前,”亚特兰大联储银行(Atlanta Fed)行长丹尼斯•洛克哈特(Dennis Lockhart)在昨日的一次演讲中表示,“我坚持认为前景看好,从基本面因素看,已有很大好转。”

The minutes suggest that Mr Lockhart’s view is the consensus of the Federal Open Market Committee.

会议纪要似乎表明,洛克哈特的观点代表了联邦公开市场委员会(FOMC)的共识。

They also show preparations for a change in forward guidance on the future path of interest rates, as the unemployment rate nears the Fed’s threshold of 6.5 per cent.

会议纪要还显示,美联储准备修改有关利率未来走势的前瞻性指引。目前美国的失业率接近美联储设定的6.5%的加息门槛。

The central bank has said that it would not raise rates before then but unemployment has fallen more rapidly than expected and now stands at 6.6 per cent, so the threshold no longer offers much guidance on when the Fed will raise rates.

美联储曾表示,在失业率跌破这个门槛之前不会加息,但失业率下滑速度快于预期,如今已降至6.6%,因此这一门槛不再就美联储何时加息提供有用指引。

According to the minutes, the FOMC is split between adopting new numerical guidance or adding more description of the kind of conditions that would prompt it to raise interest rates. They spell out several alternatives but do not say which the Fed is leaning towards.

根据这份会议纪要,对于要实行新的数字指引还是增添对促使美联储加息的经济状况的描述,联邦公开市场委员会存在不同意见。会议纪要提出了几个选择,但没有透露美联储倾向于哪一个选择。

 


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