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2011年3月上海英语中级口译证书第一阶段考试


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2011年3月上海英语中级口译证书第一阶段考试(阅读缺)

SECTION 1 LISTENING TEST  45 minutes
Part A  Spot Dictation
      Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage ONLY ONCE.
    My topic for today’s lecture is “Communication, Culture and Work”. When most People use the word culture, they think of people from different ________ (1). National cultures certainly do exist, and they play an important role in shaping the way ________ (2). But there are other dimensions of culture too. Within a nation, ________ (3) can exert a powerful influence on communication. New Yorkers and Alaskans may find one another’s styles of behaving ________ (4) that they might as well be from different countries. Race and ethnicity can also ________ (5). So can age: the customs, value, and attitudes of a 20-year-old girl may ________ (6) radically from those of her parents who were raised in the ________ (7), or her grandparents, who lived through ________ (8) and World War II. Still other differences can create distinctive cultures: gender, sexual orientation, ________ (9), religion, and socioeconomic background are just a few.

    All of these factors lead to a ________ (10) as a set of values, beliefs, norms, customs, rules, and codes that lead people to define themselves as ________ (11), giving them a sense of commonality. It’s important to realize that culture is learned. ________ (12). A Korean-born infant adopted soon aider birth by American parents and raised in the United States will ________ (13) differently than his or her cousins who grew up in Seoul. An African-American who ________ (14) in the inner city will view the world differently than he or she would if raised ________ (15)--or in a country like France, where ________ (16) has different significance than it does in the United States.
The ________ (17) we learn as part of our cultural conditioning shape the way we view the world and the way we ________ (18). In short, culture has such an ________ (19) on communication that famous anthropologist Edward Hall once remarked “________ (20) and communication is culture”. 


Part B  Listening Comprehension
1.Statements
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken ONLY ONCE, and you will not find them written on the paper; so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

1. (A) I’d like to make an appointment Monday morning.
    (B) I must finish typing before going to bed.
    (C) I have to work overtime this weekend.
    (D) I decide to sleep this weekend away.

2. (A) I am interested in the vehicles on the street.
    (B) I don’t want to complain about the noise here.
    (C) The noise of traffic disturbs my work.
    (D) Traffic never stops passing by.

3. (A) It requires imagination in learning a language.
    (B) It takes time and effort to learn a language.
    (C) The cultural differences are more important.
    (D) Learning a language can be easier than anyone thinks.

4. (A) Talking with your boss will be part of our company’s business activities.
    (B) Investing in that project will help your company and mine as well.
    (C) Turning the project into a profit-making is on the top of our long-term plan.
    (D) Doing business with your company will benefit both of us in the long run.

5. (A) The invoice should include the legal fee and the agent’s commission.
    (B) The price we quoted should be lower, as we missed a few items.
    (C) We got more money from them than we had expected.
    (D) We should send the invoice as soon as we receive the payment.

6. (A) Working abroad is not always a requirement of foreign language teachers.
    (B) When you arrive in a foreign country, you must find a job first.
    (C) The advantage of working abroad is fluency in other languages.
    (D) The mastering of a foreign language will help you find a job overseas.

7. (A) We cannot beat our competitor because of a staff shortage.
    (B) We should be prepared to sign the business contract.
    (C) We sometimes make a deal with one of our rivals.
    (D) We are happy to see that our rival has gone bankrupt.

8. (A) Our collaboration depends on a mutual understanding of our differences.
    (B) Our differences are deeply rooted, and we are unable to continue our collaboration.
    (C) We must first prepare a memorandum for a common view of our problems.
    (D) We understand that we must share the cost of our collaboration in the future.

9. (A) Although we spend much on the project, a 10% budget increase is neck.
    (B) At least 10% of the expenses should be devoted to solving the problem.
    (C) With such a big order, we demand a discount which is 10 % or more.
    (D) We ask for a 10% discount, which has caused all the trouble on our side.

10. (A) To lose one pound of weight, you need to walk up to 10 hours.
     (B) One-hour walk at a moderate pace will burn up 3500 calories.
     (C) You should limit your intake of food to 300 to 350 calories daily.
     (D) Walking an hour every day can burn up 350 pounds a month.

2. Talks and Conversations
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen carefully because you will hear the talk or conversation and questions ONLY ONCE. When you hear a question, read the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 11-14
11.   (A) To advise her to work in a showroom.
       (B) To help her understand the product.
       (C) To invite her to visit a trade fair.
       (D) To expound the details of the catalogue.
 
12.   (A) A healthcare worker.
       (B) A company consultant.
       (C) A lawyer.
       (D) A salesman.
 
13.   (A) Tomorrow afternoon.
       (B) Next week.
       (C) Coming Tuesday.
       (D) In ten days.
 
14.   (A) At the woman’s office.
       (B) At the main gate.
       (C) Inside the parking lot.
       (D) Inside the showroom.
 
Questions 15-18
15.   (A) It is a friendly face or a clever joke.
       (B) It is a facial expression involving 43 muscles.
       (C) It is an exercise of facial muscles when passing wind.
       (D) It is a natural reaction to a positive moment.
 
16.   (A) The muscle raises the sides of the mouth.
       (B) The muscles run all the way around the mouth.
       (C) you only show your lower teeth.
       (D) Your eyes are wide open.
 
17.   (A) It is a morning smile.
       (B) It is an afternoon smile.
       (C) It is a fake smile
       (D) It is a genuine smile.
 
18.   (A) You smile politely when you happen to see someone you know.
       (B) A fake smile never looks quite the same as a real one.
       (C) Flight attendants may welcome passengers with the same, forged smile.
       (D) Every human being is born with the ability to smile.
 
Questions 19-22
19.   (A) She has been to a concert.
       (B) She has met the new neighbors.
       (C) She has had to stay indoors.
       (D) She has helped the man with house chores.
 
20.   (A) She’d like to inquire about an open-door concert.
       (B) She wants to complain about the cold weather.
       (C) She asks the man to buy a concert ticket in advance.
       (D) She invites the man to go to the concert in London.
 
21.   (A) They are better.
       (B) They are less cultured.
       (C) They talk more.
       (D) They look younger.
 
22.   (A) It is petrol-consuming.
       (B) It is fast.
       (C) It is second-hand.
       (D) It is too big
 
Questions 23-26
23.   (A) Because their anxiety makes them less efficient than normal.
       (B) Because their ability to reason overshadows their anxiety for the test.
       (C) Because they cannot sleep well the night before the actual test.
       (D) Because they cannot get necessary assistance from other students.
 
24.   (A) You have to be honest and confident.
       (B) You have to be clever and brilliant.
       (C) You need to learn the techniques of test taking.
       (D) You need to observe and practice the school rules.
 
25.   (A) They often interfere with school games.
       (B) They have actual meaning in the real world.
       (C) They don’t have a format and governing rules.
       (D) They can be as entertaining as crossword puzzles.
 
26.   (A) Learning to absorb and retrieve information.
       (B) Developing confidence to solve problems.
       (C) Figuring out school tests.
       (D) Spotting dishonesty in a test.
 
Questions 27-30
27.   (A) She was disgusted by the movie crew.
       (B) She was asked to act in a movie on the spot.
       (C) She saw a movie being shot around town.
       (D) She had an accident while diving through town.
 
28.   (A) The director himself.
       (B) The woman’s twin sister.
       (C) A woman in pajamas
       (D) A man from the crowd.
 
29.   (A) She had to look disgusted and walk away.
       (B) She had to stay outside for some time.
       (C) She had to identify the person in the booth.
       (D) She had to put up a face in front of the camera.
 
30.   (A) Police and driver.
       (B) Director and actress.
       (C) Performers.
       (D) Colleagues.

Part C Listening and Translation
I Sentence Translation
(1) _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
(2) _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
(3) _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
(4) _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
(5) _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
II
.
Passage
Translation
(1) _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
(2) _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

 
SECTION 2  STUDY SKILLS  45 minutes
Directions: In this section, you will read several passages. Each passage is followed by several questions based on its content. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1-5
Around one in a hundred deaths worldwide is due to passive smoking, which kills an estimated 600,000 people a year, World Health Organization (WHO) researchers said on Friday.
In the fast study to assess the global impact of second-hand smoke, WHO experts found that children are more heavily exposed to second-hand smoke than any other age-group, and around 165,000 of them a year die because of it.
“Two-thirds of these deaths occur in Africa and South Asia,” the researchers, led by Annette Pruss-Ustun of the WHO in Geneva, wrote in their study.
Children’s exposure to second-hand smoke is most likely to happen at home , and the double blow of infectious diseases and tobacco “seems to be a deadly combination for children in these regions”, they said.
While deaths due to passive smoking in children were skewed toward poor and middle-income countries, deaths in adults were spread across countries at all income levels.
In Europe’s high-income countries, only 71 child deaths occurred, while 35.388 deaths were in adults. Yet in the countries assessed in Africa, an estimated 43,375 deaths due to passive smoking were in children compared with 9,514 in adults.
Pruss-Ustun urged countries to enforce the WHO’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which includes higher tobacco taxes, plain packaging and advertising bans, among other steps.
“Policymakers should bear in mind that enforcing complete smoke-free laws will probably substantially reduce the number of deaths attributable to exposure to second-hand smoke within the first year of its implementation, with accompanying reduction in costs of illness in social and health systems,” she wrote.
Only 7.4 percent of the world population currently lives in jurisdictions with comprehensive smoke-free laws, and those laws are not always robustly enforced.
In places where smoke free rules are adhered to, research shows that exposure to second-hand smoke in high-risk places like bars and restaurants can be cut by 90 percent and in general by 60 percent, the researchers said.
Studies also show such laws help to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked by smokers and lead to higher success rates in those trying to quit.
 
1.    What does the passage mainly discuss?
       (A) Lack of enforcement of smoke-free laws.
       (B) Protection of children from second-hand smoke.
       (C) Exposure to and deaths from passive smoking.
       (D) Impact of second-hand smoke in European and African countries.
 
2.    Where do children most likely suffer the exposure to second-hand smoke?
       (A) In their schools.
       (B) In their homes.
       (C) In bars and restaurants.
       (D) In disease-infected areas.
 
3.    Apart from passive smoking, what is also responsible for the high death rate of African and South Asian children?
       (A) Long-term starvation.
       (B) Active smoking.
       (C) Poor parental care.
       (D) Infectious diseases.
 
4.    According to the passage, mortality in children due to passive smoking _______.
       (A) is partly attributable to their active use of tobacco
       (B) is similar in countries at all income levels
       (C) is controlled in some South Asian countries
       (D) is low in high-income countries
 
5.    In the last few paragraphs, the author gets it across to the reader that smoke-free laws _______.
       (A) have worked reasonably well so far
       (B) leave much to be desired
       (C) should be enforced rigorously
       (D) should be made with caution

Questions 6-10
There are still many things that Peter Cooke would like to try his hand at -- paper-making and feather-work are on his list. For the moment though, he will stick to the skill that he has been delighted to perfect over the past ten years: making delicate and unusual objects out of shells.

“Tell me if I am boring you,” he says, as he leads me round his apartment showing me his work. There is a fine line between being a bore and being an enthusiast, but Cooke need not worry: he fits into the latter category, helped both by his charm and by the beauty of the things he makes.

He points to a pair of shell-covered ornaments above a fireplace. “I shan’t be at all bothered if people don’t buy them because I have got so used to them, and to me they’re adorable. I never meant to sell my work commercially. Some friends came to see me about five years ago and said,‘You must have an exhibition -- people ought to see these. We’ll talk to a man who owns an art gallery.’” The result was an exhibition in London, at which 70 per cent of the objects were sold. His second exhibition opened at the gallery yesterday. Considering the enormous prices the pieces command -- around £2,000 for the ornaments -- and empty space above the fireplace would seem a small sacrifice for Cooke to make.

There are 86 pieces in the exhibition, with prices starting at £225 for a shell-flower in crystal vase. Cooke insists that he has nothing to do with the prices and is cheerily open about their level: he claims there is nobody else in the world who produces work like his, and, as the gallery-owner told him, “Well, you’re going to stop one day and everybody will want your pieces because there won’t be any more.”
“I do wish, though,” says Cooke, “that I’d taken this up a lot earlier, because then I would have been able to produce really wonderful things -- at least the potential would have been there. Although the ideas are still there and I’m doing the best I can now, I’m more limited physically than I was when I started.” Still, the work that he has managed to produce is a long way from the common shell constructions that can be found in seaside shops. “I have a miniature mind.” He says, and this has resulted in boxes covered in thousands of tiny shells, little shaded pictures made from shells and baskets of astonishingly realistic flowers.
 
6.   What does the reader learn about Peter Cooke in the first paragraph?
      (A) He has produced hand-made objects in different materials.
      (B) He has been praised for his shell objects.
      (C) He hopes to work with other materials in the future.
      (D) He has written about his love of making shell objects.
 
7.   When looking round his apartment, the writer _______.
      (A) is attracted by Cooke and his works
      (B) senses that Cooke wants his products to be admired
      (C) finds Cooke’s work boring
      (D) feels uncertain about giving Cooke his opinion
 
8.   The “small sacrifice” (para. 4) refers to _______ above the fireplace.
      (A) the absence of Cooke’s ornaments
      (B) the display of Cooke’s ornaments
      (C) the keeping of Cooke’s ornaments
      (D) the space required to store Cooke’s ornaments
 
9.   When the writer enquires about the prices of his shell objects, Cooke _______.
      (A) cleverly changes the subject.
      (B) defends the pricing of his works.
      (C) says he has no idea why the prices are so high.
      (D) notes that his works will not be so expensive.
 
10.  What does Cooke regret about his work?
      (A)He is not as famous as he should have been.
      (B) He makes less money than he should make.
      (C) He is less imaginative than he used to be.
      (D)He is not as skilful as he used to be.
 
【参考答案】6.C 7.A 8.A 9.A 10.D 

SECTION 3  TRANSLATION TEST (1)  30 minutes
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
     A majority of the world’s climate scientists have convinced themselves, and also a lot of laymen, some of whom have political power, that the Earth’s climate is changing; that the change, from humanity’s point of view, is for the worse; and that the cause is human activity, in the form of excessive emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide.

  A minority, though, are skeptical. Some think that recent data suggesting the Earth’s average temperature is rising are explained by natural variations in solar radiation, and that this trend may be coming to an end. Others argue that there is no conclusive evidence that modern temperatures are higher than they used to be.

We believe that global warming is a serious threat, and that the world needs to take steps to try to avert it. That is the job of the politicians. But we do not believe that climate change is a certainty. There are no certainties in science. Prevailing theories must be constantly tested against evidence, and more evidence collected, and the theories tested again. That is the job of the scientists.

SECTION 4 TRANSLATION TEST (2)  30 minutes
Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
     豫园是上海著名的古典园林,已有400多年的历史。花园设计独特,具有明清两代南方的建筑艺术的风格。园内共有40余景,景色自然迷人,亭台楼阁、假山池塘和谐对称、协调均衡,其布局之精致自古闻名江南。
豫园原为明代一位大官的私家花园,始建于1559年,直到20年后才建成。此后曾几经变迁,屡遭摧残。所幸的是,从1949年上海解放时,园内的主要景点尚完好无损。从1956年开始,豫园经过多次修缮,重现其昔日光彩。

2011年3月上海英语中级口译证书第一阶段考试答案 Spot Dictation

答案 缩写(供参考)
1. national backgrounds     backg
2. people communicate pl ∞
3. regional differences regnl differ~s
4. so different so differ~
5. shape behavior shape behav~
6. vary vary
7. 1960s 1960s
8. The Great Depression _ grt deprs∫
9. physical disabilities physc disabilit
10. definition of culture defn∫
11. a distinctive group     a distnctive grp
12. not innate not innat
13. think and act thk & act
14. grew up grew
15. in the suburbs in _ subbs
16. African heritage Afrcan hrtage
17. norms and values norms & vles
18. interact with one another intrct wth 1 another
19. overwhelming influence overwhlmg inflce
20. culture is communication cultre is ∞
 
此段Spot Dictation 整体难度不难。文章主要讲了影响塑造文化的多种因素,文化的形成以及文化与交流的关系。
文章主要讲了三方面的内容: 文化受到多维的影响;文化不是与生俱来的;文化对交流有着决定性的影响。
文章第一方面主要讲了文化受到多维的影响:举例说明了文化的地域性差异,种族之间的文化差异,年龄差异带来的文化差异,以及形成独特文化的因素。这里出现的一些重点词及难词有:regional地区的,The Great Depression经济大萧条,physical disabilities 残疾。
文章第二方面主要讲了文化不是与生俱来的:通过举例说明文化的形成受到后天环境的影响。这里出现的一些重点词及难词有:distinctive有特色的,innate先天的,heritage遗产、传统。
文章第三方面主要讲了文化对交流有着决定性的影响:通过人类学家的名言佐证文化与交流密不可分。这里出现的一些重点词及难词有:norms标准、规范,interact with与.相互作用,overwhelming压倒性的。
在解题难度及技巧上,主要有以下几点:

  1. 第7,8两格, 15,16两格,18,19两格距离较近,对书写速度、笔记能力要求较高。考生答题时需格外注意。
  2. 第2,8,19两格中的单词均为实词且单词均较长,书写压力较大。第,8,18格要求考生填写单词数较多,也具有一定的难度。
  3. 第8格中depression, 第11格中的distinctive, 第16格中的heritage, 第19格中的overwhelming等词汇具有一定的拼写难度,对考生的词汇功底具有一定的挑战。
  4. 文中出现固定结构,若考生基本功扎实,对填写空格具有一定帮助。如第18格:interact with。
   1103 中口单句理解
语气判断
1. This report is urgent. I have to finish typing it by Monday morning, so there goes my sleep this weekend.
1.   (A) I’d like to make an appointment Monday morning.
      (B) I must finish typing before going to bed.
      (C) I have to work overtime this weekend.
      (D) I decide to sleep this weekend away.
在周一前要完成报告,因而周末需要加班。
 
习惯表达
2. What this office needs is better sound-proofing. I can’t concentrate here with all that traffic passing by on the street below.
2.   (A) I am interested in the vehicles on the street.
      (B) I don’t want to complain about the noise here.
      (C) The noise of traffic disturbs my work.
      (D) Traffic never stops passing by.
关键词:sound-proofing(声音改善),因为traffic太吵闹.
 
习惯表达
3. Learning a language is a laborious process, and adjusting to this subtle cultural differences require much more time and patience than anyone can imagine.
3.   (A) It requires imagination in learning a language.
      (B) It takes time and effort to learn a language.
      (C) The cultural differences are more important.
      (D) Learning a language can be easier than anyone thinks.
学习语言是一个laborious的过程,因此需要时间和耐心。
 
商务场景
4. If you can talk your boss into investing in that project, it will be a turning point for your company and we both shall benefit in the long run.
4.   (A) Talking with your boss will be part of our company’s business activities.
      (B) Investing in that project will help your company and mine as well.
      (C) Turning the project into a profit-making is on the top of our long-term plan.
      (D) Doing business with your company will benefit both of us in the long run.
商务场景。talk sb. into 说服某人。关键词:invest(投资),turning point(转折点),benefit in the long run(长期获利)。
 
商务场景
5. I am afraid we’ve undercharged them; the invoice doesn’t include the legal fee and our agency’s commission. I think we need to inform them about this immediately.
5.   (A) The invoice should include the legal fee and the agent’s commission.
      (B) The price we quoted should be lower, as we missed a few items.
      (C) We got more money from them than we had expected.
      (D) We should send the invoice as soon as we receive the payment.
商务场景。关于交易问题:undercharge(少收款),invoice(发票),legal fee(法律费用),commission(佣金)。因为少收款了,所以需要通知缴款人补上。
 
转折判断
6. Being bilingual or multilingual can be an advantage in landing a job abroad although fluency in other languages is not always a requirement.
6.   (A) Working abroad is not always a requirement of foreign language teachers.
      (B) When you arrive in a foreign country, you must find a job first.
      (C) The advantage of working abroad is fluency in other languages.
      (D) The mastering of a foreign language will help you find a job overseas.
双语(bilingual)或多语(multilingual)能力是一个优势。
 
商务场景
7. I believe our proposal is a real contender for the contract. All we need to do is to work ourselves into position to close the deal.
7.   (A) We cannot beat our competitor because of a staff shortage.
      (B) We should be prepared to sign the business contract.
      (C) We sometimes make a deal with one of our rivals.
      (D) We are happy to see that our rival has gone bankrupt.
商务场景。关键词:contender(竞争者),contract(合同)。我们的提议有竞争力,夺得合同。
 
倒装结构
8. We must prepare the ground for a deeper understanding of our differences and problems. Only through a shared view of our problem shall we be able to carry our collaboration forward.
8.   (A) Our collaboration depends on a mutual understanding of our differences.
      (B) Our differences are deeply rooted, and we are unable to continue our collaboration.
      (C) We must first prepare a memorandum for a common view of our problems.
      (D) We understand that we must share the cost of our collaboration in the future.
只有通过对问题的共同分析,合作才能继续。
 
商务话题
9. Given the size of the order and the amount of heavy expenses on our side, anything less than 10 per cent discount is not worth the trouble.
9.   (A) Although we spend much on the project, a 10% budget increase is neck.
      (B) At least 10% of the expenses should be devoted to solving the problem.
      (C) With such a big order, we demand a discount which is 10 % or more.
      (D) We ask for a 10% discount, which has caused all the trouble on our side.
given表示考虑到。低于10%的折扣,就不值得worth the trouble(费点事).
 
数字题
10. Walking burns calories. It takes about 3500 calories to lose just one pound of weight. And the 1–hour-walk at a moderate pace will burn up only 300 to 350 calories.
10.  (A) To lose one pound of weight, you need to walk up to 10 hours.
      (B) One-hour walk at a moderate pace will burn up 3500 calories.
      (C) You should limit your intake of food to 300 to 350 calories daily.
      (D) Walking an hour every day can burn up 350 pounds a month.
考察数字以及周边信息。1小时燃烧350卡路里,10小时步行3500卡路里才能减1磅。
题目解析:

Questions 11-14
【原文】
W: Hello, purchasing department. Alice Roger’s speaking.
M: Good morning, Ms. Roger. This is John Stone from ABS Company. How are you?
W: Quite good, thank you. Well, Mr. Stone, we are still studying your catalog and your products.
M: That’s very thoughtful of you, Ms. Roger. But I’m calling to see if you’d like to see our showroom at the trade fair that opened last week.
W: Oh, I didn’t know you would have a showroom there. I’d be glad to go and have a tour around the exhibition.
M: Just tell me when it would be convenient for you, and we can arrange for the tour.
W: Let me see. How about next Monday afternoon, around two?
M: That’s fine. I’ll be over at 1:30. It’s only a ten-to-fifteen-minute drive from your department.
W: I can drive there in my own car. Shall we meet at the main gate of the trade fair?
M: That’s ok. I’ll be at the main gate at about 1:50. See you then.
W: Right. Goodbye
【大意】
此段对话中男士致电另一公司采购部,希望女士能够去商展参观其公司展台。对话中两人主要商讨及确定了双方见面的时间和地点。
【解析】
11.  Why is the man telephoning the woman?
     答案为C项。在开头出,细节题,出处为:I’m calling to see if you’d like to see our showroom at the trade fair that opened last week. 由此得出答案。
12.  What is the man’s profession according to the conversation?
     答案为D项。推断题,从开头女士接电话时说:purchasing department可知女士是采购部人员,则可相应推断男士是销售人员。其余选项中,A项是医务人员,B项是公司顾问,C项是律师,都与对话内容不符,可排除。
13.  When will the woman be free to visit the showroom at the trade fair?
     答案为B项。细节题,男士询问:How about next Monday afternoon, around two? 女士回答:That’s fine. 由此即可选出正确答案。
14.  Where will the man and the woman meet at the trade fair?
     答案为B项。题目出自文章最后,细节题,男士询问:Shall we meet at the main gate of the trade fair? 女士回答:That’s ok.. 由此即可选出正确答案。
 

Questions 15-18
【原文】
Every human being, no matter where they are from, is born with the ability to smile. A smile is a natural reaction to a positive moment, like a friendly face, or a clever joke. Most babies first smile between six and eight weeks’ old. At first, it is only an expression made when exercising their facial muscles or passing wind. But once they realize a smile gets them a lot of attention, huge smiles in return, happy noises, extra treats, they learn to try it again. And why wouldn’t they? It takes forty-three muscles to frown, but only seventeen to smile. We smile when we are happy. We smile when we see people we know. But what happens when you are not happy to see someone you know? You smile anyway. You fake a smile. Unfortunately, however, a fake smile never looks quite the same as a real one. In a genuine smile, you not only show your lower teeth, but also move the muscles running all the way around the mouth which in turn makes the skin around the eyes become tighter. And then your smile is real. However, when someone smiles politely, rather than because they really want to, they use the muscle, which only raises the size of the mouth, and which does not move the muscles at the corners of the eyes. This kind of fake smile is sometimes referred to as the ‘Pan-Am Smile’. As it is named, after the former airline whose flight attendants welcomed every passenger with the same forced smile.
【大意】
本文的主题是笑容。主要讨论了笑的原因,以及真笑与假笑的区别。
【解析】
15.  According to the talk, what is a smile?
     答案为D项。答案出现在文章开头:A smile is a natural reaction to a positive moment. 选项D是混淆选项,原文为:It takes forty-three muscles to frown, but only seventeen to smile. 笑只需动用7条肌肉,而不是43条肌肉。
16.  What happens in a real smile?
     答案为B项。细节题,出处为:In a genuine smile, you not only show your lower teeth, but also move the muscles running all the way around the mouth which in turn makes the skin around the eyes become tighter. 由此可得B项为正确选项。
17.  What do we learn about the Pan-Am Smile?
     答案为C项。细节题,出处为:This kind of fake smile is sometimes referred to as the ‘Pan-Am Smile’.
18.  Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the talk?
     答案为A项。正误判断题,A项错在,在当我们不乐于见到我们熟知的人时,我们礼貌地微笑,即假笑;而当我们乐于见到熟人时,我们发自真心地笑。其他三个选项贯穿全文,均可在文中听到对应信息,可排除。
 

Questions 19-22
【原文】
M: Hello. This is Peter Smith’s speaking.
W: Hello, Peter. Betty’s speaking. I am calling about the open-door concert in London. Will it still be held this Sunday as is scheduled? It’s been so cold that I haven’t been outside for a week. I do hate the cold.
M: Yes. It’s best to stay indoors in such beastly weather. But I’m afraid I have no idea about the oncoming concert. You noticed our new neighbors who have arrived at No. 35 though. Surely, perhaps they knew something.
W: Well. I called on them yesterday. They seem such nice people at first but now I am not so sure.
M: Really? Why?
W: Well. They are from London and they think it’s the only place in the world worth talking about. The wife made some very catty remarks about this area.
M: Londoners always think they are better than other people, but I always find them less cultured. What does she look like?
W: Quite young and pretty. But she does wear a lot of makeup and she certainly dyes her hair. Perhaps she isn’t as young as she looks.
M: Anyway. I don’t want to mix with people like that because I knew they would be snobs when I saw that huge car. Surely they don’t need such a big one.
W: No. Still my husband says it’s four years old and it probably costs less than our secondhand. And ours is certainly as fast as theirs. Besides, it uses so much petrol. You can hardly afford to run it.
【大意】
在此段对话中,女士首先致电男士询问有关音乐会的事宜,之后谈话大部分内容落在了两人讨论新搬来的来自伦敦的邻居身上。
【解析】
19.  What has the woman done for the past week?
     答案为C项。答案在开头部分:It’s been so cold that I haven’t been outside for a week. 据此选出C项。
20.  Why is the woman telephoning?
     答案为A项。答案在开头部分:I am calling about the open-door concert in London. 据此选出A项。
21.  What does the man say about Londoners in general?
     答案为B项。细节题, 男士说过这样的话:Londoners always think they are better than other people, but I always find them less cultured. 由此可以轻松做出选择。
22.  What does the man think of his new neighbor’s car?
     答案为D项。细节题,出处为:Surely they don’t need such a big one. 据此选出D项。A项认为汽车太耗油是女士的意见,B项和C项是女士家车子的特点。
 

Questions 23-26
【原文】
Most people are too anxious during tests. Their anxiety overshadows or even interferes with their ability to reason and makes them less efficient than normal. As a result, they score far lower than they should. This is an unnecessary handicap. Especially if you are a student, who is going to spend 12 to 16 years or more taking tests. The solution of course is to learn the rules and techniques of successful test-taking. Success builds assurance and confidence which in turn frees you to perform better and better. Once you realize that eight-tenths of your score depends on the way you take a test, it becomes obvious that learning rules of the test-taking game is crucial. It is not complicated. You do not have to be clever, brilliant or dishonest to do it. It is just a matter of observation and practice. Oddly, most people have not really thought much about what it means to make, give and take tests. Once you see tests are school games that have actual little meaning in the real world. Once you realize the game has a format that can be recognized, rules that can be mastered, playing strategies that can be learned, it can become as entertaining as crossword puzzles. Mastering test-taking, like learning to absorb and retrieve information, is part of the process of educating yourself, so the effort will not be wasted or pointless. Figuring out tests is a problem-solving experience and developing confidence to recognize and solve problems is not just a school game but a true educational activity.
【大意】
本文首先指出许多人因焦虑在考场上失利,随后提供了解决此问题的方法,即要学会应试技巧,最后指出培养应试技巧的意义和重要性。
【解析】
23.  Why do many students score far lower than they should in a test?
     答案为A项。答案出现在文章开头。选项B是混淆选项,文章中原句为:Their anxiety overshadows or even interferes with their ability to reason and makes them less efficient than normal. B项中主语和谓语颠倒,故是错误的。
24.  According to the speaker, what is crucial for successful test-taking?
     答案为C项。细节题,出处为:…it becomes obvious that learning rules of the test-taking game is crucial. 选项D中的school rules表示校规,与题意不符。
25. What does the speaker think of school tests?
     答案为D项。细节题,出处为:…it can become as entertaining as crossword puzzles. 由此可选出D项。
26.  Which of the following is NOT an educational activity?
     答案为D项。正误判断题,答案在文章最后:Mastering test-taking, like learning to absorb and retrieve information, is part of the process of educating yourself… 由此可判断A项内容是正确的。文中原文:Figuring out tests is a problem-solving experience and developing confidence to recognize and solve problems is not just a school game but a true educational activity. 由此可判断B项和C项是正确的。D项内容文章中并未提及,故选D项。
 

Questions 27-30
【原文】
W: I had a really strange experience while I was walking around on Saturday morning.
M: Oh? What was it?
W: There was a crowd. And at first I thought there had been an accident. But then I thought that they were making a movie.
M: That’s not so strange. You see a lot of film crews around town these days.
W: Yes, but when I started to walk away, one of the men called me over. He turned out to be the director.
M: Really? The director himself?
W: Believe it or not, he wanted me to be in the picture.
M: No kidding. Did he want you to say anything or were you just part of the crowd?
W: I didn’t say anything, but I had to do something. This woman in pajamas was in the phone booth.
M: Did you know who she was? Was she somebody famous?
W: She wasn’t anybody I knew. Anyway, I had to walk up to the phone booth. Then when I saw that there was somebody in it, I had to look disgusted and walk away.
M: You mean we’ll be able to see your face in it when it comes out?
W: Well, maybe. But you know how it is. I’ll probably be cut out before anybody ever sees the movie.
M: How long did it take? Don’t they have to shoot those scenes over and over again?
W: It didn’t take very long. After we’ve done it four times, the director said everything was OK.
M: I hope you got paid.
W: They took my name and address, and they said they’d send me a check.
M: Wonderful. Now we are going to have a movie star in the office.
【大意】
在此段对话中,女士向男士描述了一段奇怪的经历。她被在路上碰到的剧组导演拉去临时充当了演员。男士据此向女士询问了一系列问题,包括其演戏的内容和演戏的报酬等。
【解析】
27.  What was the woman’s strange experience?
     答案为B项。女士被片场遇到的导演拉去演戏,这一奇妙的经历是整段对话的主旨。
28.  According to the woman, who was in the phone booth while she was approaching it?
     答案为C项。细节题,出处为:This woman in pajamas was in the phone booth.
29.  What was the woman supposed to do as she saw somebody in the phone booth?
       答案为A项。细节题,出处为:Then when I saw that there was somebody in it, I had to look disgusted and walk away. 其余三个选项在对话中均未被提到。
30.  What is the most likely relationship between the man and woman in the conversation?
     答案为D项。推断题,答案在对话最后,男士提到:Now we are going to have a movie star in the office. 由此可推断出男士与女士之间是办公室的同事关系。
 
 
【文章概要】
本文主要介绍了贝壳工艺人Peter Cooke。文章第一段点明了Peter Cooke的主要手艺:制作精美别致的贝壳工艺品;第二至第六段中本文作者在Peter Cooke的陪同下参观了他的作品,通过贯穿其中的对话,向读者展现了Peter Cooke其人及其作品。

【题目解析】
 
[真题精讲----中级口译]
1103 中口听译
1. Sentence Translation:
1.Interesting work, enough money, plenty of exercise and entertainment, that’s my idea of a good and healthy life.
【关键词汇】    work, money, exercise and entertainment(锻炼和娱乐)
【辨音难点】    entertainment
【解    析】    此句为健康话题。难度不高。名词并列结构,做好记录。
【参考译文】    有趣的工作,足够的钱,充裕的锻炼和娱乐。这些是我对健康和美满生活的设想。
 
2.I don’t like the student canteen on campus. What’s wrong with it? It is interested in making money rather than serving good inexpensive foods for us students.
【关键词汇】    canteen(食堂),make money(赚钱),serve(服务)
【辨音难点】    inexpensive foods,这里有连读
【解    析】    此句关注校园问题。难度不高,属于常规性话题。主要结构rather than(而不是)。
【参考译文】    我不喜欢校园里的学生餐厅。不好在哪里?那些餐厅对赚钱感兴趣,而不是为我们学生提供廉价的美食。
 
3.Young people should be encouraged to see the value of all trades and professions. They should look upon the careers they’ve chosen with interest and pride. 
【关键词汇】    trade and professions(职业和专业),interest and pride(兴趣和骄傲)
【辨音难点】    be encouraged to(鼓励)
【解    析】    此句主题属于职业话题,难度属于中等偏难。trade表示“专业”可能同学并不熟悉,造成错译。
【参考译文】    (我们)应该鼓励年轻人认识到所有职业和专业的价值。他们应该对自己选择的职业生涯满怀情趣,感到骄傲。
 
4.I think the best course of action would be to consult our lawyer before we sign the contract. Anyway, this is a big deal and is vital for our company. 
【关键词汇】    consult (咨询),sign the contract(签署合同)
【辨音难点】    the best course of action最佳方案
【解    析】    此句属于商务场景。难度略中等偏难。抓好关键词汇即可。
【参考译文】    我认为最佳方案/行动步骤是在签约前咨询我们的律师。不管怎么说,这是一笔大生意,对我们公司至关重要。
 
5.Over 12,000 visitors attended the trade fair this year, this not only equals and increases by 20 percent, almost 2400 visitors from last year, but is also a new visitor record. 
【关键词汇】    visitors(访客),trade(交易会)
【辨音难点】    数字记录,equals and increases(持平并超出)
【解    析】    本句讨论会展,难度较高。相关数字要做好记录,尤其this not only equals and increases by 20 percent结构,同学在现场难以把握。
【参考译文】    今年又超过了一万两千名参观者出席了交易会。这不仅是比去年有20%的增长,也就是增加了几乎两千四百名参观者。而且这创了新的参观人数记录。
 
2. Passage Translation:
1.Australia is almost a continent by itself. The vastness of the land, the relative small population and the rich nature resources make the country the most ideal place to live. For the past decade, Australia has increased its exports of raw materials to China, which in turn has greatly aided its economy. However, because of the global financial crisis, Australia’s economy has show signs of slowdown. The Australian dollar is said to have lost its value against the US dollar by ten percent in the last three weeks.
【关键词汇】    continent (大陆),ideal place to live(理想的居住地),economy(经济)
【辨音难点】    raw material(原料),signs of slowdown(下滑趋势)
【解    析】    本段文字的主题是中澳关系。难度中等偏难。注意细节。第一、二句导出澳大利亚的基本情况,其中有名字并列的记录;接着阐述中国和澳大利亚的贸易往来,其实raw material是辨音难点;然后讲述在经济危机的大背景下,澳元对美元下跌,并需要有数字记录。
【参考译文】    澳大利亚几乎独占一块大陆。广袤的土地,相对少的人口,丰富的自然资源,使其成为最适宜的居住之地。在过去的十年,澳大利亚增长了其对中国的原料出口,这一做法也同样大幅度地援助了澳大利亚的经济。然而,由于国际金融危机,澳大利亚经济呈现下滑的趋势。在过去的三周,澳元对美元下跌10%。
 
2. In today’s world, your personal security is largely your financial security. A balanced checkbook and a saving’s account not only increase your future options, but also protect your current life style. Money makes it easier to live in a safe area, to have nutritious diet and to get a sound education. Although there is still no absolute protection from all of life’s hazards, wise financial planning can soften its harshest blow.
【关键词汇】    personal security (个人保障),balanced checkbook(支票簿),saving’s account(储蓄账户),financial planning(理财计划)
【辨音难点】    nutritious diet(营养丰富的饮食), soften(减弱),harshest blow(最严厉的打击)
【解    析】    本段文字主题为经济话题,有一定难度。细节较多。第一句是引出主体,个人保障。然后支票簿和储蓄帐户可以增加你未来的选择future options。接着,进一步强调金钱地重要性,safer area, nutritious diet, sound education并列结构记录。最后也谈到了,并没有绝对的保护。
【参考译文】    当今世界,你的个人保障大概就是你的经济保障。一本支票簿,一个储蓄账户不仅增加了你对未来的选择,而且确保了你目前的生活方式。有了钱,可以居住在安全的区域,享用营养的饮食,获得不错的教育。尽管生活的各种危险不会得到绝对的保障,但是明智的理财计划可以减轻危险最严厉的打击。
阅读部分
6.   What does the reader learn about Peter Cooke in the first paragraph?
【定位】根据题干in the first paragraph,直接定位至第一段。
【判断】由第一段第一句可知,Peter Cooke希望尝试很多不同的工艺制作。由第一段第二句可知,尽管有上述想法,但Peter Cooke目前仍然只是制作贝壳类工艺品。故C项正确。A项错误,因为Peter Cooke希望尝试不同材料但并未付诸实践。B项的意思并未在第一段出现。D项与原文无关。
 
7.    When looking round his apartment, the writer _______.
【定位】题干关键词为apartment。答案定位至第二段。
【判断】由原文“There is a fine line between being a bore and being an enthusiast, but Cooke need not worry: he fits into the latter category, helped both by his charm and by the beauty of the things he makes.” 可知,作者对Cooke本人及其作品均持欣赏态度。故选A项。B项、D项均为原文内容无关,C项为错项。
 
8.    The “small sacrifice” (para. 4) refers to _______ above the fireplace.
【定位】根据题干关键词small sacrifice。答案出处为第四段尾句。
【判断】由原文“…and empty space above the fireplace would seem a small sacrifice for Cooke to make. ”可以看出,small sacrifice指的就是empty space above the fireplace。而上文提到过“He points to a pair of shell-covered ornaments above a fireplace”(第三段第一句话),因此这里的empty space正是由于这个装饰品被人买去后留下的壁炉上的空白。故选A项。
 
9.    When the writer enquires about the prices of his shell objects, Cooke _______.
【定位】题干关键词为prices。答案定位第四第五段。
【判断】根据原文第五段第二句:“Cooke insists that he has nothing to do with the prices and is cheerily open about their level…”可知在谈论到其作品的定价时,Cooke坚持自己并不参与定价,并兴高采烈地开始谈论其作品如何独特等,从而聪明地转换了话题。故选A项。
 
10.  What does Cooke regret about his work?
【定位】题干关键词为regret。答案定位六段。
【判断】根据原文“I do wish, though,” says Cooke, “that I’d taken this up a lot earlier, … I’m more limited physically than I was when I started.” 可知,Cooke对自己没有早点开始这份工作而感到遗憾的原因并非钱或名声或灵感上的缺失,而是感觉自己的技艺受到了体力上的束缚。因而选D项,排除A、B、C项。
  【中口原文】
豫园是上海著名的古典园林,已有400多年的历史。花园设计独特,具有明清两代南方的建筑艺术的风格。园内共有40余景,景色自然迷人,亭台楼阁、假山池塘和谐对称、协调均衡,其布局之精致自古闻名江南。
豫园原为明代一位大官的私家花园,始建于1559年,直到20年后才建成。此后曾几经变迁,屡遭摧残。所幸的是,从1949年上海解放时,园内的主要景点尚完好无损。从1956年开始,豫园经过多次修缮,重现其昔日光彩。
 
【主题词】
豫园的介绍
 

  1. 豫园是上海著名的古典园林,已有400多年的历史。花园设计独特,具有明清两代南方的建筑艺术的风格4
【翻译解析】
  • 古典园林:classical garden
  • 设计独特:ingenious in design
  • 明清两代:需要注意汉语拼音的年代前加“the”, 译为the Ming and the Qing Dynasties
  • 建筑艺术风格:architectural style
 
Tip: 这句话有三个“有”字,我们在翻译的时候除了想到have之外,可以用上enjoy, boast,be characterized by或者be dotted by等结构。这样的译文才有shinning point.
 
【参考译文】
      Yu Yuan Garden is a famous classical garden in Shanghai, with a history of more than 400 years. Ingenious in design, the garden is typical of the southern architectural style of the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
 

  1. 景色自然迷人,亭台楼阁、假山池塘和谐对称、协调均衡,其布局6之精致自古闻名江南7
【翻译解析】
  • 自然迷人:charming and attractive
  • 亭台楼阁:pavilion, terrace and tower
  • 假山池塘:rockeries and ponds
  • 和谐对称:add radiance to one another
  • 协调均衡:harmonious and coordinated with each other
  • 布局:layout
  • 闻名江南:“江南”译为south of the Yangtze River, 闻名江南译为“widely-known across the south of the Yangtze River”
 
Tip: 这句话较长且包含的分句较多,在翻译时需要理顺分句与分句之间的关系,把握好句子结构。“园内共有40余景,景色自然迷人”这是一层;“亭台楼阁、假山池塘和谐对称、协调均衡”是第二层,其中亭台楼阁和假山池塘是并列的关系,其达到的效果则是“和谐对称”、“协调均衡”。“其布局之精致自古闻名江南”是第三层,翻译时可以单独处理成一句话。
 
【参考译文】
      It has some 40 different scenes, presenting an attractive landscape. The pavilions, terraces, towers, rockeries and ponds are laid out in perfect harmony and balance. This exquisite layout has been renowned in the south of the Yangtze River across ancient times.
 
 

  1. 豫园原为明代一位大官的私家花园,始建于1559年,直到20年后才建成。此后曾几经变迁,屡遭摧残4
【翻译解析】
  • 大官:high-ranking official
  • 私家花园:private garden
  • 几经变迁:changes of times; vicissitudes
  • 屡遭摧残:suffer repeated devastations; repeatedly destroyed
 
【参考译文】
      Yu Yuan Garden was originally a private garden of a high-ranking official in the Ming Dynasty. Construction of the garden started in 1559, and it was not completed until 20 years later/ it took two decades to complete the construction. Later on, it underwent many changes and suffered repeated destruction.
 

  1. 所幸的是,从1949年上海解放时,园内的主要景点尚完好无损。从1956年开始,豫园经过多次修缮,重现其昔日光彩。
【翻译解析】
  • 完好无损:remained intact
  • 修缮:renovate; repair
  • 昔日:former days
 
【参考译文】
      Luckily, by the time Shanghai was liberated in 1949, main scenic points in the garden were still in good condition. After a number of renovations which first began in 1956, Yu Yuan Garden has regained its splendor of the former days.

 


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